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  • 20-octobre-2020

    Français

    Le dialogue social est essentiel pour faire face aux conséquences de la crise du COVID-19, selon un rapport du Global Deal

    Le dialogue social entre les employeurs, les travailleurs et les pouvoirs publics peut jouer un rôle essentiel dans la gestion des conséquences de la crise du COVID-19 sur le lieu de travail et recèle un fort potentiel pour que soient préservés les moyens de subsistance et les perspectives des personnes les plus durement touchées par la crise, constate un nouveau rapport.

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  • 15-octobre-2020

    Français, Excel, 2,799kb

    Le logement social : un élément essentiel des politiques de logement d’hier et de demain (Synthèse sur le logement abordable)

    Le logement social représente près de 30 millions de logements et quelque 6 % du parc immobilier total dans l’OCDE, mais la taille, l’étendue, la population cible et le type de fournisseurs de logements sociaux varient beaucoup d’un pays à l’autre. Les investissements dans la construction et la rénovation du logement social devraient être au cœur d’une relance économique plus durable et inclusive.

  • 5-October-2020

    English

    OECD Economic Surveys: Thailand 2020 - Economic Assessment

    Thailand has made impressive economic and social progress over several decades. However, the COVID-19 crisis has interrupted this progress. Thanks to its sound macroeconomic policy framework, Thailand was well placed to respond rapidly to the sharp economic downturn. Nevertheless, achieving high-income country status will require, in addition to a strong recovery programme, a set of policy reforms focused on productivity growth and human capital accumulation. Thailand has made remarkable progress in expanding access to education, and the share of highly educated workers has increased significantly. Nevertheless, because of skills mismatches, substantial labour shortages have prevailed in a range of occupations and industries, which makes it important to improve vocational education and adult training programmes. As the demand for services has become important globally, Thailand has an opportunity to boost its exports of services, diversify its economic activity, and therefore become more resilient in the face of unexpected shocks. This would involve a focus on digital services and business-to-business services, which represent a large share of the value of manufacturing products. Focus on human capital, skills, digital technology, and high-value services would help Thailand resume strong economic growth and social progress after the COVID-19 crisis. SPECIAL FEATURES: HUMAN CAPITAL; TRADE IN SERVICES
  • 30-septembre-2020

    Français

    Hors d’atteinte ? La route vers l’intégration des personnes LGBTI

    Veiller à ce que les personnes LGBTI (c’est-à-dire les personnes lesbiennes, gays, bisexuelles, transgenres et intersexes) puissent vivre librement sans être victimes de discrimination ou d’agressions est un enjeu de portée mondiale. La discrimination à l’encontre des personnes LGBTI reste omniprésente, et représente un coût colossal. Elle entrave l’investissement dans le capital humain en raison du harcèlement scolaire dont sont victimes les jeunes LGBTI. Elle dégrade également les performances économiques en excluant les talents LGBTI du marché du travail et en minant leur santé mentale, donc leur productivité. Ce rapport dresse un panorama complet des législations visant à assurer l’égalité de traitement des personnes LGBTI dans les pays de l’OCDE, et des mesures complémentaires propres à favoriser cette évolution. Il définit, dans un premier temps, le cadre législatif et réglementaire indispensable à l’intégration des minorités sexuelles et de genre dans les domaines des libertés publiques, de la protection contre les discriminations et les violences, et de la santé. Il passe ensuite en revue les pays de l’OCDE pour déterminer si ces lois sont déjà en vigueur, et étudie les possibilités d’amélioration éventuelles. Pour finir, le rapport examine les mesures plus générales qui devraient accompagner les lois en faveur de l’intégration des personnes LGBTI afin de renforcer ce processus.
  • 24-September-2020

    English

    The Future for Low-Educated Workers in Belgium

    The world of work is changing as a result of technological progress, globalisation and population ageing. The future of work holds many opportunities, but also presents distinct risks which tend to be greater for some population sub-groups, including low-educated workers. This report documents how the labour market for low-educated workers in Belgium has evolved in recent years and what the future might hold for them in terms of both job quality and quantity. Based on comparisons with neighbouring countries, the report seeks to provide policy advice to ensure that low-educated workers are not left behind by the changes that lie ahead.
  • 22-September-2020

    English

    Meeting of Experts on the establishment of a Global Fund "Social Protection for All"

    Never before have our social protection systems faced such a test. Millions of workers have lost their jobs since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Many more have fallen into inactivity or are working partial hours.

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  • 18-September-2020

    English

    Equal Pay International Coalition calls to prioritize pay equity in COVID-19 recovery with support from Megan Rapinoe

    To mark the first International Equal Pay Day, the Equal Pay International Coalition (EPIC) called all leaders to take necessary steps to ensure pay equity is at the heart of COVID-19 recovery efforts worldwide.

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  • 11-September-2020

    English

    Beyond Growth - Towards a New Economic Approach

    We are facing a series of converging planetary emergencies linked to the environment, the economy, and our social and political systems, but we will not meet these challenges using the tools of the last century. We need to rethink the role of the economy in improving the well-being of people and the planet. As the world’s leading intergovernmental forum on economic policy, the OECD has a central role to play in creating a new economic narrative. OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría therefore invited a high-level group of experts to contribute their proposals on what needs to change in economic policy and policymaking. This report summarises their conclusions. The Advisory Group argues that we need to go beyond growth, to stop seeing growth as an end in itself, but rather as a means to achieving societal goals including environmental sustainability, reduced inequality, greater wellbeing and improved resilience. This requires updating the philosophy, tools and methods underpinning the analysis that influences economic decision-making. Drawing on developments across the modern field of economics and political economy, the report argues for a new approach which recognises the rootedness of economic systems and behaviour in the relationship between people, social institutions and the environment.
  • 10-September-2020

    English

    Laureates and Leaders for Children Summit

    The pandemic is harming the health, social and material well-being of all children worldwide and the most vulnerable children are suffering the most. While saving lives is a priority during a pandemic, school closures, social distancing and confinement widen inequalities between children.

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  • 10-September-2020

    English

    Housing and Inclusive Growth

    Housing is key to inclusive growth. It is the biggest spending item of household budgets, the main driver of wealth accumulation and biggest source of debt for most households. Housing and the neighbourhood in which people live also have important implications for individual health, employment and educational outcomes – effects that can begin in childhood and can last a lifetime. Nevertheless, the housing market may also present a barrier to inclusive growth for some groups, such as low-income households, children, youth, seniors and the homeless. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted even more abruptly just how important housing issues are to people, and prompted governments to introduce a range of emergency housing supports. However, the pandemic has also underscored the need for governments to develop more structural responses to address persistent housing challenges. This report assesses the key underlying pre-COVID-19 housing policy issues and proposes a series of recommendations to support more inclusive housing outcomes. These include measures to address some of the structural barriers to inclusive growth in the housing market, as well as measures to address the specific housing challenges facing vulnerable groups.
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