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Développement régional, urbain et rural

Regional Development Policy Newsletter - January-May 2022

 

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About RDPC

The OECD's Regional Development Policy Committee (RDPC) meets twice yearly, working to improve living standards and well-being for citizens from all types of region, through the design and implementation of effective place-based policies.

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The 46th meeting, held on 12-13 May 2022, brought together over 200 delegations from 46 delegations, including a special address by Ukrainian Deputy Minister for Communities and Territories Development, Ivan Lukeria. Valuable exchanges among delegates on the war in Ukraine revealed already asymmetric impacts within countries, in terms of inflation and refugee flows,  and explored what regional development policies can provide to help different types of regions deal with these new challenges. The forthcoming OECD Regional Development PaperThe implications for OECD regions of the war in Ukraine: An initial analysis was approved after the meeting. 

Additional projects discussed at the meeting will become public in forthcoming  newsletters such as: OECD Regional Outlook 2023, Regional Governance reforms in OECD countries, Remote working and the spatial equilibrium, Climate finance in regions and cities.

 

Books/reports/papers

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This report provides a comprehensive assessment of Colombia’s  ‘System of Cities’ and of different sectoral policies that affect urban life: transport, housing, land use, and digitalisation. Colombia has entered the 2020s facing five intertwined crises: the COVID-19 pandemic, rising levels of poverty and inequality, a wave of mass international migration, the peace process consolidation, and the climate emergency. Designing a new national urban policy for Colombia – Ciudades 4.0 – demands a critical rethinking of whether urban areas are meeting the needs of all Colombians, and how urban-related policies could help transform them for the better.

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With tightening public finances, land value capture (LVC) can be an attractive fiscal tool to finance ever-increasing demands for transport infrastructure. This paper begins by discussing the principles of LVC and individual LVC instruments in the context of infrastructure provision, with a focus on the opportunities and challenges for LVC implementation. It also highlights some common considerations for successful implementation, most notably for eliciting public support, promoting transit-oriented development, and establishing fair and transparent rules for LVC.

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The policy paper presents the results of an OECD-European Committee of the Regions joint survey on how local and regional governments are leveraging the SDGs to shape their recovery strategies from the COVID-19 pandemic. Findings underline a solid engagement of local and regional governments in the implementation of the SDGs through actions ranging from measurement systems to track progress, awareness raising and dedicated strategies to multi-level co-operation, and a promising uptake of the SDGs as a guiding framework for place-based recovery. 

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This publication is part of the OECD workstream on Preparing Regions for Demographic Change. The study highlights the need to better articulate and co-ordinate the delivery of educational services among levels of government to improve access and quality in the region of Alentejo. It also sheds light on the decisive role that geography plays and the importance of adopting a spatial lens to mitigate the rising inequality present in Portugal in access to education services.

Policy highlights EN | PT

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The 2022 Whole of Government Circular Economy Strategy in Ireland provides the policy framework, and the forthcoming Circular Economy Bill is expected to strengthen waste and circular economy legislation there. Nevertheless, with a circularity material use rate of 2% in 2020, Ireland shows significant scope for progress. The report analyses the state of play and challenges of the circular transition in Ireland and provides policy recommendations for circular economy policy across levels of government. 

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This brochure presents the results of the first application of the OECD Scoreboard on the Circular Economy Governance in Cities and Regions, which allowed the city of Montreal to assess the level of implementation of the governance conditions needed for the transition to a circular economy. A total of 117 stakeholders contributed to the assessment. Results will inform the city’s Circular Economy Roadmap.

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Accounting for 30-40% of global CO2 emissions - and sometimes as much as 70% in large cities - buildings and construction are central to the low-carbon transition. Drawing on the findings from a dedicated survey of cities and regions and a two-year policy dialogue with government officials and key stakeholders, this report makes the case for scaling up the role and actions of cities and regions for decarbonising buildings through innovative data, analysis and policy guidance. 

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With many regions in OECD countries facing declining working age populations, the geographical dimension of migration has become crucial for regional development. Where migrants settle within countries and how much they contribute to the local economies are important questions for policy makers. The report explores how migrants contribute to regional income, innovation, international trade and labour market including datasets with internationally comparable information on migration and migrant labour market integration across urban and rural areas cacross OECD countries.

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10 Mar | Internationalisation and attractiveness strategies of French regions

What are the policies that can strengthen the attractiveness of regions while reducing inequalities and preserving the environment? How can the action of regional authorities be coordinated with multiple levels of government? To help answer these questions, this study proposes a toolkit to address economic, environmental, technological and social transitions to support regional development and make the most of globalisation. 

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Half of Estonia’s counties have experienced sharp population decline since 1991. Yet the amount of built-up area in Estonia increased 11% over 2000-14, at the same time as its population fell almost 5%. Shrinkage and sparsity lead to lower municipal revenues, ageing, and greater per capita costs of service and infrastructure provision. The report provides recommendations in a number of policy areas to sustainably respond to demographic change, including on how to make land use more efficient and suggests ways to improve the transfer system and strengthen the municipal revenue base.

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Comprehensive and coordinated action across levels of government responsible for different policy domains (labour, education, housing and welfare/health) as well as across local actors is crucial to migrant integration. To respond to this need for co-ordination, different policy instruments are mobilised by countries. This paper presents six of them, to illustrate three categories of practices supporting migrant integration through better multi-level co-ordination.

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A first step to implement effective migrant integration policies is to know who does what in policy sectors key to integration. Responding to this need, this paper offers policy makers a tool to understand the organisation of public action in key sectors for integration - Employment, Education, Housing, and Health/Welfare – in a sample of 10 OECD countries: Austria, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden and the Netherlands. 

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Water security challenges in Brazil will be aggravated by megatrends such as climate change, population growth, urbanisation, and the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. The report builds on a decade of policy dialogue between the OECD and the National Water and Sanitation Agency (ANA) of Brazil and provides an action plan to support the country to shift from a risk-based approach to a resilience approach and accompany infrastructure development with regulatory oversight and monitoring. 

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Blogs

Boosting the blue economy: how our cities can make a splash! 

Has COVID-19 triggered an urban exodus?

Migration supporting regional development: lessons for the Ukraine refugee crisis

Infrastructure: laying the foundations for the recovery  Infrastructure: laying the foundations for the recovery - (oecdcogito.blog)

Decarbonising Buildings in Cities and Regions

Unlocking water security in Africa: Mayors hold the key

Me, my region and… a mine! Can better mining support better lives?

What if women ruled the world of water?

Climate Action needs Local Leaders: Can they rise to the challenge? 

All Together Now? Migrant Integration at the Local Level 

Tackling Growing Pains – How Scale-ups can lead the recovery

Reaching digital deserts – extending access to broadband has never been so important

New faces in new places? The new geography of work

About us

 

The OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities provides comparative statistics, analysis and capacity building for local and national actors to work together to unleash the potential of entrepreneurs and small and medium-sized enterprises, promote inclusive and sustainable regions and cities, boost local job creation, and support sound tourism policies.

 

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