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  • 30-January-2022

    English

    Regulatory Governance in the Mining Sector in Brazil

    Mining plays a crucial role in Brazil’s economy. Nonetheless, the efforts and resources devoted to regulatory quality in the sector, including the enforcement of rules, have not always been commensurate. This report identifies the gaps, barriers, implementation flaws and inefficiencies in the regulatory framework of the mining sector in Brazil. It takes stock of the recent reforms in the mining sector in Brazil, identifies areas that pose the greatest challenges for effective regulation in mining. It also describes the reforms that created the National Mining Agency of Brazil, its governance arrangements and its current regulatory practices. These are assessed against OECD principles in regulatory policy and mining regulation, as well as against country experiences from Australia, Chile, and Mexico. Finally, recommendations are provided to support further reform efforts.
  • 14-December-2021

    English

    Case Studies on the Regulatory Challenges Raised by Innovation and the Regulatory Responses

    The pace and scope of innovation are challenging the way governments regulate. Existing regulatory frameworks might not be agile enough to accommodate the fast pace of technological development and, in many cases, rules might be outdated and obsolete. Beyond this pacing problem, technological innovation also blurs the traditional definition of markets, challenging enforcement and transcending administrative boundaries domestically and internationally. This report, the result of a joint project between the OECD and the Korean Development Institute, presents a set of case studies illustrating the different challenges raised by emerging technologies and the diversity of regulatory responses used to address them. The case studies cover data-driven business models, digital innovation in finance, smart contracts relying on distributed ledger technologies, digital technologies for smart logistics, and the sharing economy.
  • 7-December-2021

    English

    Eliminating Gender-based Violence - Governance and Survivor/Victim-centred Approaches

    Gender-based violence affects many aspects of survivors' and victims' lives, including access to education, employment, housing, health care, legal support, and physical and mental health services. While many governments have enacted policies and programmes to eradicate gender-based violence and address its intersectional impacts, strategic planning, policy co-ordination, and long-term investment in services has often been uneven. This publication explores how countries can strengthen public governance systems, respond to the needs and experiences of survivors/victims, and improve access to justice and accountability to effectively address gender-based violence.
  • 30-novembre-2021

    Français

    Renforcer l’autonomie et la confiance des jeunes en Tunisie

    En Tunisie, les jeunes de moins de 30 ans constituent 48 % de la population. Ils ont un rôle important dans le développement économique, social et politique du pays, mais font face à des défis importants dans leur transition vers l'autonomie et l’âge adulte. Les conséquences socio-économiques du COVID-19 ont encore exacerbé les défis auxquels ils sont confrontés, et ont mis en avant l’importance de promouvoir leur participation à la prise de décision publique. Cette revue présente une analyse des dispositifs de gouvernance des politiques publiques à destination de la jeunesse en Tunisie, en mettant l'accent sur cinq domaines : 1) un cadre légal et règlementaire adapté aux jeunes, 2) l’adoption d’une approche gouvernementale intégrée dans l’élaboration des politiques publiques de la jeunesse, 3) l’optimisation des capacités institutionnelles du ministère de la Jeunesse, 4) l’inclusion d’une « dimension » jeunesse dans la formulation des politiques publiques, et 5) la promotion de la participation et de la représentation des jeunes dans la vie publique.
  • 29-November-2021

    English

    Mobilising Evidence at the Centre of Government in Lithuania - Strengthening Decision Making and Policy Evaluation for Long-term Development

    The COVID-19 pandemic has underscored the need for high-quality data and evidence to address complex policy challenges. This report takes stock of the capacity for evidence-informed decision making (EIDM) and policy evaluation at the centre of government in Lithuania. Like many other OECD countries, Lithuania faces challenges in supplying quality evidence and ensuring that it is used for decision making. In light of recent reforms, the report analyses gaps in the EIDM system and offers a set of comprehensive recommendations to address them in the short, medium and long terms. It also discusses how the newly created Strategic Analysis Centre could champion evidence-informed decision making in Lithuania.
  • 29-novembre-2021

    Français

    Politique de la réglementation : Perspectives de l’OCDE 2021

    La législation et la réglementation régissent la vie quotidienne des entreprises et des citoyens, et sont des outils essentiels de l’action publique. La pandémie de COVID-19 a mis en évidence le rôle crucial que joue la réglementation dans l’économie et la société, tout en révélant, dans l’activité normative conduite aux niveaux national et international, des lacunes qui ont coûté des vies et de l’argent. La publication Politique de la réglementation : Perspectives de l’OCDE 2021, troisième édition de cette série thématique, dresse une cartographie des efforts déployés par les pays pour améliorer la qualité de la réglementation conformément à la Recommandation de l’OCDE de 2012 concernant la politique et la gouvernance réglementaires, et diffuse des bonnes pratiques dans le domaine de la réglementation grâce auxquelles il peut s’avérer plus facile de combler ces lacunes. Elle apporte des éclairages sans équivalent sur les approches des pays en matière d’élaboration, d’application et de révision de la réglementation, et comporte des recommandations visant à optimiser le ciblage des efforts nationaux pour faire en sorte que la législation et la réglementation produisent les effets escomptés. Enfin, certaines approches souples et innovantes de l’activité normative, comme le « bac à sable » réglementaire, les éclairages comportementaux, et la réglementation fondée sur les résultats, axée sur les données ou fondée sur les risques, sont abordées dans cette édition.
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  • 29-November-2021

    English

    Regulatory reform: events and publications

    Access and search the calendar of events and publications on regulatory policy.

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  • 11-November-2021

    English

    Behavioural insight and regulatory governance - Opportunities and challenges

    Governments are created and run by humans, who can experience the same behavioural biases and barriers as individuals in society. Therefore, it makes sense to explore how behavioural insights (BI) can be applied to the governance of regulatory policy making, and not just to the design of regulations themselves. Applying BI can help improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the decision-making process, which can, in turn, help improve regulatory decisions. This paper maps the ways in which barriers and biases can affect the institutions, processes and tools of regulatory governance, with a focus on regulatory oversight bodies and regulatory management tools. It concludes with practical ways governments can translate these findings into research and reforms that can help future-proof regulatory policy making and ensure it is agile, responsive and fit for tackling important and complex policy challenges.
  • 27-October-2021

    English

    Driving Performance at Brazil’s Electricity Regulatory Agency

    As 'market referees', regulators contribute to the delivery of essential public utilities. Their organisational culture, behaviour, actions and governance are important factors in how they, and the sectors they oversee, perform. The OECD Performance Assessment Framework for Economic Regulators (PAFER) looks at the institutions, processes and practices that can create an organisational culture of performance and results. This report uses PAFER to assess both the internal and external governance of Brazil’s Electricity Regulatory Agency (ANEEL). The review offers recommendations for the regulator to build upon its strong technical reputation and good practices. It proposes an integrated set of recommendations to help the regulator best fulfil its role as a key actor supporting sector modernisation.
  • 27-October-2021

    English

    Performance of regulators

    OECD framework for assessing the performance of regulatory agencies.

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