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Mining Regions and Cities Case of the Pilbara, Australia

Located in the state of Western Australia, the Pilbara is a large region and one of the least densely populated within the OECD. The Pilbara's mining sector is a top supplier of iron ore in the world, which has fuelled the economic growth of both the state and the country. While Pilbara’s industrialisation is relatively recent, dating back to the 1960s, First Nations peoples have inhabited the region for approximately 50 000 years. Despite the wealth generated by mining and extractive industries, the Pilbara faces important challenges to improve its attractiveness and well-being standards, especially for First Nations and non-mining workers. Well-being challenges also stifle growth opportunities and responsible mining investments in the region. The green transition presents the Pilbara with an opportunity to diversify its economy and improve well-being conditions of its communities, while becoming a strategic player in the global shift towards more sustainable mining. This study offers guidance on how the Pilbara can shape a more inclusive and sustainable development model that supports economic diversification and prioritises improving the living conditions of its communities, particularly First Nations.

Available from October 10, 2023

In series:OECD Rural Studiesview more titles

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Assessment and recommendations
Strengths and challenges for regional development in the Pilbara
Maximising the Pilbara’s potential for a sustainable and diversified economy
Improving liveability in the Pilbara
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