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Publications


  • 13-May-2024

    English

    Reform Management Specific Topics - Managing a Reform Program

    This guide builds on the Reform Management Fundamentals: Setting up a Reform Program reference guide to provide an understanding of recognized good practices to ensure the success of implementing tax administration reform programs. It presents proven management practices for implementing reform projects that have been applied by tax administrations around the world. It is part of a series of Virtual Training to Advance Revenue Administration (VITARA) reference guides that have been developed based on the content of the VITARA online modules.
  • 13-May-2024

    English

    Reform Management Fundamentals - Setting Up a Reform Program

    This reference guide provides a good grounding in what tax administration reform is, why it is important, what is involved in implementing it, and who should be involved in the reform process. The materials covered in this reference guide are designed to cover the key practices that have been proven to assist the management of reform efforts and will give the tax administrations the best chance of success in developing and implementing reform programs. This guide is divided into five chapters highlighting key terms and definitions, processes to develop and manage a reform program, and how to plan and manage a reform project. It is part of a series of Virtual Training to Advance Revenue Administration (VITARA) reference guides that have been developed based on the content of the VITARA online modules.
  • 11-May-2024

    English

    Assessing the framework conditions for social innovation in rural areas

    Rural regions across the OECD depend on a wide range of economic engines for growth, as well as the quality of place to attract and retain people. Social innovation seeks new answers to social and environmental problems, using new solutions that improve the quality of life for individuals and communities. Social innovation can be a tool to create vibrancy in rural areas by filling public service gaps, experimenting with new business models, and creating a stronger sense of community. However, not all rural areas are equally equipped to engage in social innovation. This paper provides guidance for policy makers and proposes an approach alongside a dashboard of indicators for measuring readiness and capacity to engage with social innovation in rural areas.
  • 11-mai-2024

    Français

    Guide de politique publique sur la mesure de l’impact social pour l’économie sociale et solidaire

    Alors que les entités de l'économie sociale et solidaire (ESS) sont de plus en plus sollicitées pour démontrer leur contribution positive à la société, la mesure de l'impact social peut les aider à comprendre la valeur nette supplémentaire générée par leurs activités, dans le cadre de leur mission et au-delà. La politique publique joue un rôle important dans la création d'un environnement propice à l'adoption de la mesure de l'impact social par les acteurs de l'ESS. S'appuyant sur un exercice de cartographie et des exemples de bonnes pratiques provenant de 33 pays, ce guide international explique comment les décideurs politiques peuvent soutenir la mesure de l'impact social pour l'économie sociale et solidaire en (i) améliorant le cadre politique, en (ii) fournissant des orientations, en (iii) construisant des preuves et en (iv) renforçant les capacités. S'appuyant sur la publication précédente, Social Impact Measurement for the Social and Solidarity Economy, parue en 2021, ce guide est publié dans le cadre de l'action mondiale de l'OCDE « Promouvoir les écosystèmes de l'économie sociale et solidaire », financée par l'instrument de partenariat étranger de l'Union européenne.
  • 10-May-2024

    English

    Dividend payments by state-owned enterprises - Policies and practices

    This report addresses the importance of dividend policies for jurisdictions with profitable or potentially profitable state-owned enterprises (SOEs), against the background of current challenges in public finances and increasing pressures on SOEs to contribute revenues to the public purse. It explores how, and subject to what criteria, state-owners decide how much profit to distribute versus retain for future investments in commercially oriented SOEs where the state is a major shareholder. The report further attempts to establish good practices for dividend policies, and offers guidance to support state ownership entities in setting such policies.
  • 7-May-2024

    English

    Revenue Statistics in Latin America and the Caribbean 2024

    This report compiles comparable tax revenue statistics over the period 1990-2022 for 27 Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries. It provides harmonised data on the level and structure of tax revenues based on the OECD classification of taxes, thereby enabling comparison of national tax systems on a consistent basis, both across the region and with other economies globally. The report includes two special features: one examines fiscal revenues from non-renewable natural resources in the LAC region in 2022 and 2023, while the second calculates equivalent fiscal pressure in the LAC region. The publication is jointly undertaken by the OECD Centre for Tax Policy and Administration, the OECD Development Centre, the Inter-American Center of Tax Administrations (CIAT), the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN-ECLAC), and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).
  • 7-May-2024

    English

    Labour markets transitions in the greening economy - Structural drivers and the role of policies

    Climate change mitigation policies affect the allocation of workers on the labor market: jobs in high-polluting industries will contract, while jobs in the 'green' sector will grow. A just transition in the labour market requires policies to improve the allocation of workers and their deployability, for instance towards performing green tasks; as well as to manage and minimise scarring effects associated with job losses in polluting industries. Using an econometric analysis, this paper investigates the role of structural and policy factors in shaping a number of relevant labour market transitions, uncovering heterogeneity across different groups of workers. Education is the most important individual-level driver of transitions from non-employment to green jobs, with a particularly strong effect from graduating in scientific fields for young people entering the labour market. Women are significantly less likely than men to move into green jobs out of non-employment. Workers employed in high-polluting occupations face higher displacement risks than other workers, but this does not translate into higher long-term unemployment risks. In terms of policies, the paper finds that the labour market implications of the greening economy can be addressed by general structural policies favouring labour market efficiency in terms of workers’ reallocation, labour market inclusiveness in terms of promoting equality of opportunities and minimising long-term scars. Results also suggest that place-based policies are needed to mitigate scarring effects for displaced workers.
  • 7-May-2024

    English

    Improving housing and urban development policies in Mexico

    Access to adequate housing remains challenging in Mexico as many low- and middle- income households cannot afford purchasing a house because of high housing prices and limited access to credit. An underdeveloped housing rental market and insufficient supply of social and affordable housing force many households to resort to self-build or to reside in informal settlements. Administrative fragmentation and lack of coordination across levels of government favours a disordered urban development that provokes residential segregation, with vulnerable groups often living in peripheral areas with limited access to jobs, transport and urban services. Housing policies have recently become more targeted towards low-income households, which is commendable. Expanding the range of housing subsidies and fostering the development of a social rental housing sector would be valuable additional steps to improve access to housing for low-income households. Reforming the fiscal and legal framework to encourage private investment into rental housing and promoting public-private partnerships could boost the supply of affordable housing. Tasking states with ensuring that municipalities comply with federal and state urban and housing legislation and improving coordination across urban, housing and transport infrastructure could ease the implementation of national policies and reduce residential segregation.
  • 7-May-2024

    English

    Strengthening economic resilience within global value chains in Switzerland

    Switzerland has shown remarkable strength during past economic downturns. A comprehensive risk planning and monitoring system, as well as essential-goods stockpiles has effectively bridged temporary supply disruptions. Yet, rising geopolitical tensions and a global shift towards protectionism pose significant challenges for the Swiss economy. To raise its resilience and productivity, Switzerland should refrain from relying on distortive industrial policies or trade restrictions, and rather continue to commit to international trade and cooperation, strengthen ties with key trading partners and enhance domestic competition. Resuming negotiations with the EU is key to safeguard access to the single market and deepen the economic partnership. Reducing trade barriers and lowering the administrative burden could reduce trade costs, which would allow companies to diversify supply chains while raising productivity.
  • 7-May-2024

    English

    A growth-friendly and inclusive green transition strategy for Thailand

    This paper discusses Thailand’s green growth policy framework with a focus on finding the right policy mix and institutional setup. Given that the economy is in a process of catching up with advanced economies, particular emphasis will need to be placed on making the green transition conducive to economic growth and further improvements in living standards. Implementing Thailand’s current pledge to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050 and net zero emissions by 2065 will require substantial policy changes. While the expansion of natural gas use over the past years has helped Thailand to contain increases of carbon emissions, reversing the still rising emissions calls for a strong shift towards renewable energy sources. Thailand has already started these efforts. The use of biofuels has increased in road transport, and other renewable energy sources have also expanded. Investments into greener production technologies and a more responsible use of resources have received strong attention. However, most current initiatives are voluntary, which will not be sufficient to achieve the country’s climate goals. As Thailand is highly vulnerable to climate change risks, policies that promote adaptation to climate change will also play an important role.
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