Egypt - Business Climate Development Strategy - OECD


Launch event - The Business Climate Development Strategy for Egypt was presented in Cairo on 7 November 2010 in the presence of Egyptian Minister for Trade and Industry Mr. Rachid Mahmoud Rachid and World Bank Managing Director Mr. Mahmoud Mohieldin, who launched the BCDS project while serving as Egyptian Minister of Investment. See the launch agenda for further information.


Date of publication
26 October 2010


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Table of contents

  • Business Climate Development Strategy Framework
  • Recent Business Climate Reforms in Egypt
  • Macroeconomic Context of Egypt’s Business Climate Reforms

Download full asssessments of the 12 policy dimensions

As part of a far-reaching programme of economic reforms, the Egyptian government is seeking to improve its business climate to attract more investment and stimulate growth and job creation. The Egyptian Ministry of Investment has asked the OECD to carry out an in-depth assessment of Egypt’s business climate to identify policy priorities and actions needed to foster more domestic, regional and international investment. This report presents the results of that assessment. It also highlights Egypt’s key reform priorities and describes the challenges and opportunities in improving Egypt's business climate to help Egypt realise its full potential as a high-growth economy.


The OECD assessment is the first phase of a Business Climate Development Strategy (BCDS) which identifies policy priorities and proposes specific reforms and actions to enable Egypt to achieve measurable improvements in its business climate. One key finding is that Egypt’s investment and trade policy reforms have moved the country’s business climate closer to best practice in OECD economies. However, the report notes that to attract further private investment, Egypt needs to improve the country’s anti-corruption measures, skills development, infrastructure and access to finance, especially for the country's small-and-medium sized enterprises. BCDS Egypt offers specific recommendations on how policies, institutions and regulations can be improved to increase predictability for investors and make Egypt a prime investment destination.



Full assessments of the 12 policy dimensions

The publication outlines only the key findings to emerge from Phase 1 of the business climate assessment of Egypt. Full assessments of the 12 policy dimensions covered, as well as the scores obtained for the 242 indicators, can be downloaded in PDF format:

Investment Policy and Promotion

Privatisation Policy and Public Private Partnerships

Tax PolicyEgypt - Business Climate Development Strategy - OECD: Chapter One

Trade Policy and FacilitationEgypt - Business Climate Development Strategy - OECD: Chapter One

Policies for Better Business Regulation Egypt - Business Climate Development Strategy - OECD: Chapter One

SME Policy and PromotionEgypt - Business Climate Development Strategy - OECD: Chapter One

Anti-Corruption Investment Policy and Promotion

Corporate GovernanceInvestment Policy and Promotion

Business Law and Commercial Conflict Resolution Investment Policy and Promotion

Business Law and Commercial Conflict Resolution


Human Capital development policy 

Access to Finance


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