La Colombie a considérablement amélioré son système de santé ces 20 dernières années avec, à la clé, un allongement de l’espérance de vie et une baisse de la mortalité infantile. Cette dernière a diminué, passant de 40 décès pour 1 000 naissances vivantes en 1970 à 12.8 ces dernières années et l’espérance de vie à la naissance a atteint 75.2 ans sur la même période.
Colombia’s record in extending health insurance and health services to its population is impressive. In 1990, around 1 in 6 of the population had health insurance. Now, nearly 97% do, with greatest expansion occurring amongst poorer households. Likewise, in 1993 out-of-pocket spending made up 52% of total national expenditure on health. By 2006, this had fallen to less than 15%. Although Colombia has high rates of income inequality (with a Gini coefficient of 53.5 in 2012, compared to the OECD average of 32.2), access to health care services is much more equal. In urban populations, for example, 1.8% of children aged less than two years of age are recorded as having received no routine vaccinations, compared to 1.0% of rural children. Colombia nevertheless faces important challenges to maintain and improve the performance of its health system. This report looks at Colombia’s health care system in detail and offers recommendations on what Colombia can do to ensure accessibility, quality, efficiency and sustainability.
English, PDF, 297kb
Despite rapidly expanding access to ICT among households, in 2012 some 37% of 15-year-old students in Colombia still had no access to a computer at home (in 2009, this proportion was 52%).
This study examines the Peruvian and Colombian experiences as regards some aspects of the management of their extractive industries.
President Santos’ leadership and vision have been instrumental in guiding Colombia through a series of ambitious reforms to improve governance, make the public sector more effective, modernise the economy, and make growth more sustainable and inclusive.
The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.
This report contains the 2014 “Phase 2: Implementation of the Standards in Practice” Global Forum review of Colombia.
The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work in the area of tax transparency and exchange of information is carried out by over 120 jurisdictions which participate in the work of the Global Forum on an equal footing.
The Global Forum is charged with in-depth monitoring and peer review of the implementation of the standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes. These standards are primarily reflected in the 2002 OECD Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters and its commentary, and in Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital and its commentary as updated in 2004, which has been incorporated in the UN Model Tax Convention.
The standards provide for international exchange on request of foreseeably relevant information for the administration or enforcement of the domestic tax laws of a requesting party. “Fishing expeditions” are not authorised, but all foreseeably relevant information must be provided, including bank information and information held by fiduciaries, regardless of the existence of a domestic tax interest or the application of a dual criminality standard.
All members of the Global Forum, as well as jurisdictions identified by the Global Forum as relevant to its work, are being reviewed. This process is undertaken in two phases. Phase 1 reviews assess the quality of a jurisdiction’s legal and regulatory framework for the exchange of information, while Phase 2 reviews look at the practical implementation of that framework. Some Global Forum members are undergoing combined – Phase 1 plus Phase 2 – reviews. The ultimate goal is to help jurisdictions to effectively implement the international standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes.
Cette page contient toutes les informations se rapportant à la mise en oeuvre de la Convention de l’OCDE sur la lutte contre la corruption en Colombie.
La Colombie doit accroître ses capacités d’investigation en matière de corruption transnationale en mettant sur pied un régime efficace de responsabilité des personnes morales, en améliorant la coordination entre ses nombreuses instances et la formation des autorités répressives, selon un nouveau rapport du Groupe de travail de l’OCDE sur la corruption.
L’OCDE publiera le rapport de son Groupe de travail sur la corruption en Colombie le mercredi 21 octobre 2015 à 16h00, heure de Paris/9h00 heure de Bogota.