L’OCDE a rejoint l’Appel de Christchurch à agir contre le terrorisme et l’extrémisme violent en ligne, venant ainsi grossir les rangs d’une coalition internationale de parties prenantes qui luttent contre l’utilisation que font de l’internet les terroristes et extrémistes violents.
As artificial intelligence permeates our societies, its transformational power must be put to the service of people and the planet. This paper presents a common understanding of what an AI system is, as well as a framework detailing the stages of the AI life cycle. This work informed the development of the AI Principles adopted by the OECD Council in 2019.
This paper draws lessons from 12 national policy initiatives (four AI strategies and eight policy programmes) aimed at supporting breakthrough digital and AI-driven innovation and the application of those innovations by industry. Most of these initiatives actively involve multiple stakeholders from public research, industry and government, have mixed public-private funding models, and seek international co-operation on AI.
Connected devices and appliances offer added convenience but also bring potential risks such as data privacy and cybersecurity threats, limitations on interoperability, complex supply chains and liability regimes, and product safety. Developing effective responses to the consumer protection issues that arise from the "smart home" will be an ongoing challenge.
There is an argument that the IoT brings new challenges for product safety and that regulatory regimes will need to be adapted. However, others argue that although the products are new, the issues are not necessarily novel and existing regulations are sufficient. This report highlights some key issues that confront product safety policy makers in this important area.
This report examines information on consumer protection enforcement authorities of OECD member and non-member countries, especially on the ability of these authorities to co-operate across borders. It is based on questionnaire responses from 31 countries, supplemented by additional research.
Plus de 100 pays et juridictions ont convenu de réévaluer les deux principaux concepts qui sous-tendent le système fiscal international, conformément à un mandat reçu des ministres des Finances du G20 pour travailler sur les conséquences fiscales induites par la numérisation.