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  • 18-July-2019

    English

    How are digital technologies changing innovation? Evidence from agriculture, the automotive industry and retail

    Digital technologies impact innovation in all sectors of the economy, but they are integrating and transforming sectors in very different ways. This analysis calls for revisiting innovation policy mixes to ensure they remain effective and address emerging challenges.

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  • 18-June-2019

    English

    Tools and Ethics for Applied Behavioural Insights: The BASIC Toolkit

    Behavioural insights (BI) are lessons derived from the behavioural and social sciences, including decision making, psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, organisational and group behaviour. Public bodies around the world are increasingly using BI to design and implement better public policies based on evidence of the actual behaviour and biases of citizens and businesses. This toolkit provides practitioners and policy makers with a step-by-step process for analysing a policy problem, building strategies, and developing behaviourally informed interventions.
  • 11-June-2019

    English

    Artificial Intelligence in Society

    The artificial intelligence (AI) landscape has evolved significantly from 1950 when Alan Turing first posed the question of whether machines can think. Today, AI is transforming societies and economies. It promises to generate productivity gains, improve well-being and help address global challenges, such as climate change, resource scarcity and health crises. Yet, as AI applications are adopted around the world, their use can raise questions and challenges related to human values, fairness, human determination, privacy, safety and accountability, among others. This report helps build a shared understanding of AI in the present and near-term by mapping the AI technical, economic, use case and policy landscape and identifying major public policy considerations. It is also intended to help co-ordination and consistency with discussions in other national and international fora.
  • 6-June-2019

    English

    Unpacking E-commerce - Business Models, Trends and Policies

    As digital transformation has accelerated, the e-commerce landscape has become increasingly dynamic. New players have emerged at the same time that established actors have taken on new roles; some barriers to e-commerce at the firm, individual and country levels have been overcome, while other barriers have emerged. Innovative business models have transformed buyer-seller relationships and pushed out the frontier of what is possible to buy and sell online. This report analyses new and emerging e-commerce business models, examines e-commerce trends along a range of dimensions, and offers new insights on the policies needed to exploit the opportunities and mitigate the challenges of unlocking the potential of e-commerce for all.
  • 22-mai-2019

    Français

    Quarante-deux pays adoptent les nouveaux Principes de l’OCDE sur l’intelligence artificielle

    Les pays membres et partenaires de l’OCDE ont officiellement adopté aujourd’hui le premier ensemble de principes directeurs intergouvernementaux sur l’intelligence artificielle (IA). Ce faisant, ils s’engagent à respecter des normes internationales visant à garantir la conception de systèmes d’IA robustes, sûrs, équitables et dignes de confiance.

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  • 10-May-2019

    English

    Digital Government Review of Sweden - Towards a Data-driven Public Sector

    This digital government review asseses the state of data-driven policies and initiatives in the Swedish public sector. It explores the underlying institutional governance and co-ordination arrangements for digital government in the country, and their impact on policy implementation. It also discusses data-sharing and managing initiatives, data governance and open government data practices. The review looks at how Sweden could better share knowledge, promote innovation and improve collaboration both across the public sector and with external stakeholders. Finally, it highlights how the government can use data to build a closer relationship with citizens in order to address policy challenges, improve public service delivery, and, ultimately, strengthen public trust.
  • 16-April-2019

    English

    Delivering Better Policies Through Behavioural Insights - New Approaches

    As behavioural insights (BI) become more widely used, countries are looking to expand the application of the methodology to new frontiers of policy making. This report tests behaviourally informed solutions to complex policy problems in the fields of competition, consumer protection, energy consumption and safety through a variety of theoretical and experimental approaches. The results give policy makers new ideas for tackling policy problems related to individual behaviour, as well as for changing the behaviour of organisations.
  • 3-April-2019

    English

    Business Models for the Circular Economy - Opportunities and Challenges for Policy

    Natural resources, and the materials derived from them, represent the physical basis for the economic system. Recent decades have witnessed an unprecedented growth in demand for these resources, which has triggered interest from policy makers in transitioning to a more resource efficient and circular economy. This report presents a typology of five circular business models that could support the transition to a more resource efficient and circular economy: circular supply, resource recovery, product life extension, sharing, and product service system models. It reviews the current market penetration and assesses the potential scalability of each business model. Environmental potential is also discussed, as well as risks and unintended consequences that could result from a more widespread adoption of these business models. The report provides a broad set of policy approaches that could help alleviate some of the barriers that currently hinder the widespread adoption of circular business models.
  • 10-February-2019

    English

    Embracing Innovation in Government: Global Trends 2019

    Report identifies how governments are responding to the challenges of today's complex world and highlights recent trends and examples in public sector innovation.

  • 14-December-2018

    English

    OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Austria 2018

    Over the past two decades, Austria has become one of the most R&D intensive economies among OECD countries and in the world, dedicating 3.1% of its GDP on R&D in 2016, the second highest figure in the European Union. To fully harness this R&D capacity, Austrian innovation policy needs to put a stronger emphasis on efficiency in transforming R&D inputs into impacts. To achieve higher impacts, Austria also needs to steer its research and innovation system towards leadership excellence in global markets. This requires enhanced international attractiveness for top-level researchers and talent, and a conducive environment for highly innovative enterprises. Austria could also benefit from strengthening R&D and innovation to support key transitions, such as digitalisation and Industry 4.0, and to tackle key societal challenges. The STI policy mix and governance arrangements should be adapted accordingly.
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