Innovating Assessments to Measure and Support Complex Skills

Policy makers around the world recognise the importance of developing young people’s 21st century skills like problem solving, creative thinking, self-regulation and collaboration. Many countries also include these skills as part of the intended learning outcomes of their education systems. To shift intention into practice, educational assessments need to better measure what matters. Innovative assessments are needed that combine conceptual, technological and methodological advances in educational measurement. This report explores new approaches to measuring complex skills through a practical and applied assessment design lens, bringing together perspectives from leading experts to consider what we can learn from the learning sciences to define more authentic assessment experiences and expand the range of skills we are able to measure in both disciplinary and cross-disciplinary contexts of practice. The report also examines how technology can expand our possibilities for innovation, including the creation of more interactive and immersive problems and the generation of meaningful sources of potential evidence about students’ proficiency. Finally, the report explores how we can make sense of the rich data captured in interactive digital environments using new analytical approaches, and how we can ensure the valid interpretation and use of results from innovative assessments.

Available from April 28, 2023


Executive summary
Introduction: Arguments in support of innovating assessments
Innovating What We Assess4 chapters available
21st Century competencies: Challenges in education and assessment
Next-generation assessments of 21st Century competencies: Insights from the learning sciences
Framing the focus of new assessments of 21st Century competencies
Assessing complex problem-solving skills through the lens of decision making
Innovating How We Assess6 chapters available
Exploiting technology to innovate assessment
Defining the conceptual assessment framework for complex competencies
Designing innovative tasks and test environments
Analysing and integrating new sources of data reliably in innovative assessments
Measuring self-regulated learning using feedback and resources
Artificial Intelligence-enabled adaptive assessments with Intelligent Tutors
Innovating How We Interpret and Use Assessment Results4 chapters available
Cross-cultural validity and comparability in assessments of complex constructs
Uses of process data in advancing the practice and science of technology-rich assessments
A tale of two worlds: Machine learning approaches at the intersection with educational measurement
Conclusions and implications
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