Partager

More News


  • 12-July-2022

    English

    OECD Handbook on Measuring the Space Economy, 2nd Edition

    Much has changed in the space economy over the past decade, with an ever-growing number of countries and business enterprises involved in space activities. Despite progress made in the quality and availability of data, the international comparability of space economy statistics remains limited. A decade after its first publication, it is therefore time to provide an up-to-date revision of the OECD Handbook on Measuring the Space Economy to reflect the changing landscape of space activities, space technologies and subsequent evolving user needs. This new edition aims to encourage and facilitate data collection among both incumbents and new actors involved in space activities, respond to the needs of the public agencies that still fund the bulk of space programmes, and support industry and private decision-takers who will also benefit from improved statistics on the space economy.
  • 3-juin-2022

    Français

    Selon l’OCDE, les déchets plastiques produits au niveau planétaire devraient presque tripler d’ici 2060

    Selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE, au rythme actuel, la quantité de déchets plastiques produits dans le monde triplera d’ici 2060, dont environ la moitié finira en décharge et moins d’un cinquième sera recyclé.

    Documents connexes
  • 29-March-2022

    English

    Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs 2022 - An OECD Scoreboard

    The COVID-19 crisis caused profound disruptions in the global economy, with SMEs and entrepreneurs, particularly hard hit. Swift measures implemented by governments and public financial institutions provided a crucial lifeline for liquidity-strapped SMEs. The 10th edition of Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs 2022: An OECD Scoreboard sheds light on the impacts of the crisis on SME finance, tracking the latest developments in debt, equity, asset-based finance, and framework conditions, along with recent policy developments for 48 countries around the world. It shows that lending continued to flow to SMEs during the pandemic, with unprecedented growth in outstanding SME loans. What is more, credit conditions relaxed significantly: interest rates registered record lows, interest rate spreads narrowed considerably, and collateral requirements declined in most Scoreboard countries. In contrast, alternative sources of finance such as leasing and factoring declined significantly, in part because of the large uptake of credit. Evidence on equity finance shows a resilient venture capital sector, with some fragility in early-stage finance. The thematic chapter of this report assesses the evolution of SME financing support during the crisis, from the rescue to recovery phases. It documents a fall in the level of SME-related support in national recovery packages compared to earlier rescue measures.
  • 29-mars-2022

    Français

    Selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE, les prêts aux PME ont atteint de nouveaux sommets pendant la pandémie et les petites entreprises subissent de nouvelles pressions à l’heure du redémarrage de l’économie

    Selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE intitulé Le financement des PME et des entrepreneurs 2022 : Tableau de bord de l’OCDE, l’encours des prêts aux PME a nettement augmenté pendant la première année de la pandémie.Ainsi, l’encours médian des prêts aux PME a progressé de 4.9 %, soit la plus forte croissance enregistrée depuis la création du Tableau de bord de l’OCDE, il y a 10 ans.

    Documents connexes
  • 15-March-2022

    English

    Closing the Italian digital gap - The role of skills, intangibles and policies

    The study identifies the main factors that affect the diffusion of digital technologies and their returns among Italian firms, highlighting the crucial role of public policies. It uses a unique data infrastructure that integrates information on digital technology adoption, firm performance, and workers’ and managers’ skills. The analysis shows that the low digitalisation of Italian firms, especially of SMEs, can be traced back to the low levels of three factors: i) workers’ skills, ii) management capabilities, and iii) accumulation of intangible assets. These factors are also crucial to maximise the effectiveness of public policies supporting firm digitalisation, such as the deployment of broadband infrastructure and fiscal incentives to investments in digital technologies. Finally, the analysis shows that the COVID-19 crisis contributed to further widening the digital gap between Italian firms, favouring ex-ante more digitalised companies, suggesting that public policies play a crucial role for the post-COVID-19 recovery.
  • 22-février-2022

    Français

    La pollution plastique ne cesse de croître tandis que la gestion et le recyclage des déchets sont à la traîne, selon l’OCDE

    Le monde produit aujourd’hui deux fois plus de déchets plastiques qu’il y a vingt ans, et ils sont en grande partie mis en décharge, incinérés ou rejetés dans l’environnement, seuls 9 % étant effectivement recyclés, constate l’OCDE dans un nouveau rapport.

    Documents connexes
  • 2-February-2022

    English

    Regulatory Governance in the Mining Sector in Brazil

    Mining plays a crucial role in Brazil’s economy. Nonetheless, the efforts and resources devoted to regulatory quality in the sector, including the enforcement of rules, have not always been commensurate. This report identifies the gaps, barriers, implementation flaws and inefficiencies in the regulatory framework of the mining sector in Brazil. It takes stock of the recent reforms in the mining sector in Brazil, identifies areas that pose the greatest challenges for effective regulation in mining. It also describes the reforms that created the National Mining Agency of Brazil, its governance arrangements and its current regulatory practices. These are assessed against OECD principles in regulatory policy and mining regulation, as well as against country experiences from Australia, Chile, and Mexico. Finally, recommendations are provided to support further reform efforts.
    Also AvailableEgalement disponible(s)
  • 12-January-2022

    English

    Strengthening FDI and SME Linkages in Portugal

    This report assesses the enabling conditions for maximising the benefits of foreign direct investment (FDI) on SME productivity and innovation in Portugal. It looks at the quality of investment that Portugal attracts and the capacity of Portuguese SMEs to benefit from any knowledge and technology spillovers resulting from these investments. It studies the extent to which FDI-SME spillovers occur through value chain linkages, strategic partnerships, labour mobility, competition and imitation effects. The report provides an overview of Portuguese public institutions responsible for investment, SMEs, innovation and regional development policies, taking a close look at arrangements to ensure multi-level policy coordination, stakeholder consultation and evaluation of policy impacts. It then reviews the mix of government policies that are currently in place to support FDI-SME linkages and spillovers, noting areas for further policy reforms. The last chapter introduces a regional lens, focusing in particular on the regions of Norte and Alentejo. This report is part of a broader European Commission-OECD programme on strengthening FDI-SME linkages and serves as a pilot for future country assessments.
  • 29-novembre-2021

    Français

    Un nouveau rapport estime la pénurie d’entrepreneurs dans l’OCDE à 35 millions

    Selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE, les jeunes, les femmes et les seniors ont moins de possibilités de concrétiser leurs projets d’entreprise. Ils sont confrontés à des problèmes d’accès au financement, aux compétences et aux réseaux qui font qu’il leur est plus difficile qu’aux autres groupes de la société de lancer leurs entreprises. Cette pénurie d’entrepreneurs prive les économies d’idées, d’innovation et d’emplois.

    Documents connexes
  • 17-novembre-2021

    Français

    Mesurer les économies interconnectées : Lancement de l'édition 2021 des Tableaux internationaux des entrées-sorties (TIES) et des Échanges en Valeur Ajoutée (TiVA) de l'OCDE

    Le 17 novembre, l'OCDE a présenté la dernière édition des bases de données TIES et TiVA en donnant un aperçu de l'utilité majeure de ces données en matière d'analyse et de décision politique.

    Documents connexes
  • 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>