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  • 8-décembre-2022

    Français

    La reprise du tourisme est mise en danger par les crises mondiales

    Le ralentissement de l’économie mondiale, sur fond de choc énergétique déclenché par la guerre d’agression de la Russie contre l’Ukraine, de forte inflation et de baisse du pouvoir d’achat des ménages, risque de freiner la dynamique de reprise post-pandémie du tourisme, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.

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  • 7-December-2022

    English

    Quantifying industrial strategies (QuIS) - Measuring industrial policy expenditures

    Industrial policy is sparking renewed interest across OECD member countries and partner economies. However, amidst an increasing number of objectives for industrial policy, and despite the availability of information on countries’ strategies and plans, it remains difficult to properly measure and compare resources spent on industrial policies and identify countries’ strategic priorities. The lack of a cross-country comparable source of information on resources dedicated to industrial policy partly results from the absence of a common methodology to account for industrial policy expenditures. This paper provides a new methodology for reporting industrial policy expenditure in a comparable way across countries. It is the first deliverable of the 'Quantifying Industrial Strategies' project, which aims at measuring industrial policy expenditures across OECD countries and will gather harmonised data on industrial policy expenditures, their composition, and their mode of delivery.
  • 14-November-2022

    English, PDF, 3,517kb

    Assessing steel decarbonisation progress: Ready for the decade of delivery?

    Accounting for nearly 8% of global emissions, the steel sector plays a key role in achieving climate goals. Yet despite progress, there is still a long way to go to reach near-zero emissions. Echoing the COP 27 Presidency’s call for implementation, this brief aims to provide evidence-based trends on key indicators of steel decarbonisation progress.

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  • 4-October-2022

    English

    Current crises underline the need for Germany to overhaul innovation policy to ensure its industries remain competitive, says OECD

    Germany needs to adopt a more agile, risk-tolerant and experimental approach to innovation policy if it is to continue to lead in its historical core industries such as automotive manufacturing, machinery, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, and be a champion of the industries of tomorrow, according to a new OECD report.

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  • 15-September-2022

    English

    Earth’s Orbits at Risk - The Economics of Space Sustainability

    Society’s dependence on space infrastructure is at a critical juncture. Public and private actors worldwide are planning to launch tens of thousands of satellites into Earth’s orbit in the next five years. This will greatly expand and enrich the use of space resources, but it will also result in more crowded orbits and greater risk of damage from satellite collision and space debris. As satellite launches continue to multiply and concerns grow, the long-term sustainability of space-based infrastructure on orbit and beyond is set to emerge as an increasingly important space policy issue of the 21st century. This publication takes stock of the growing socio-economic dependence of our modern societies on space assets, and the general threats to space-based infrastructure from debris in particular. Notably, it provides fresh insights into the value of space-based infrastructure and the potential costs generated by space debris, drawing on new academic research developed especially for the OECD project on the economics of space sustainability.
  • 12-July-2022

    English

    OECD Handbook on Measuring the Space Economy, 2nd Edition

    Much has changed in the space economy over the past decade, with an ever-growing number of countries and business enterprises involved in space activities. Despite progress made in the quality and availability of data, the international comparability of space economy statistics remains limited. A decade after its first publication, it is therefore time to provide an up-to-date revision of the OECD Handbook on Measuring the Space Economy to reflect the changing landscape of space activities, space technologies and subsequent evolving user needs. This new edition aims to encourage and facilitate data collection among both incumbents and new actors involved in space activities, respond to the needs of the public agencies that still fund the bulk of space programmes, and support industry and private decision-takers who will also benefit from improved statistics on the space economy.
  • 3-juin-2022

    Français

    Selon l’OCDE, les déchets plastiques produits au niveau planétaire devraient presque tripler d’ici 2060

    Selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE, au rythme actuel, la quantité de déchets plastiques produits dans le monde triplera d’ici 2060, dont environ la moitié finira en décharge et moins d’un cinquième sera recyclé.

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  • 29-March-2022

    English

    Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs 2022 - An OECD Scoreboard

    The COVID-19 crisis caused profound disruptions in the global economy, with SMEs and entrepreneurs, particularly hard hit. Swift measures implemented by governments and public financial institutions provided a crucial lifeline for liquidity-strapped SMEs. The 10th edition of Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs 2022: An OECD Scoreboard sheds light on the impacts of the crisis on SME finance, tracking the latest developments in debt, equity, asset-based finance, and framework conditions, along with recent policy developments for 48 countries around the world. It shows that lending continued to flow to SMEs during the pandemic, with unprecedented growth in outstanding SME loans. What is more, credit conditions relaxed significantly: interest rates registered record lows, interest rate spreads narrowed considerably, and collateral requirements declined in most Scoreboard countries. In contrast, alternative sources of finance such as leasing and factoring declined significantly, in part because of the large uptake of credit. Evidence on equity finance shows a resilient venture capital sector, with some fragility in early-stage finance. The thematic chapter of this report assesses the evolution of SME financing support during the crisis, from the rescue to recovery phases. It documents a fall in the level of SME-related support in national recovery packages compared to earlier rescue measures.
  • 29-mars-2022

    Français

    Selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE, les prêts aux PME ont atteint de nouveaux sommets pendant la pandémie et les petites entreprises subissent de nouvelles pressions à l’heure du redémarrage de l’économie

    Selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE intitulé Le financement des PME et des entrepreneurs 2022 : Tableau de bord de l’OCDE, l’encours des prêts aux PME a nettement augmenté pendant la première année de la pandémie.Ainsi, l’encours médian des prêts aux PME a progressé de 4.9 %, soit la plus forte croissance enregistrée depuis la création du Tableau de bord de l’OCDE, il y a 10 ans.

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  • 15-March-2022

    English

    Closing the Italian digital gap - The role of skills, intangibles and policies

    The study identifies the main factors that affect the diffusion of digital technologies and their returns among Italian firms, highlighting the crucial role of public policies. It uses a unique data infrastructure that integrates information on digital technology adoption, firm performance, and workers’ and managers’ skills. The analysis shows that the low digitalisation of Italian firms, especially of SMEs, can be traced back to the low levels of three factors: i) workers’ skills, ii) management capabilities, and iii) accumulation of intangible assets. These factors are also crucial to maximise the effectiveness of public policies supporting firm digitalisation, such as the deployment of broadband infrastructure and fiscal incentives to investments in digital technologies. Finally, the analysis shows that the COVID-19 crisis contributed to further widening the digital gap between Italian firms, favouring ex-ante more digitalised companies, suggesting that public policies play a crucial role for the post-COVID-19 recovery.
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