International investment in Southeast Asia


‌  ASEAN-OECD Investment Programme


Integrating Southeast Asian SMEs in Global Value Chains  

26 February 2019 - ‌This joint OECD-UNIDO report identifies investment and related policies to enhance linkages between small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Southeast Asia and multinational enterprises (MNEs) and their impacts on SME outcomes in Southeast Asia.

The ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)-OECD Investment Programme fosters dialogue and experience sharing between OECD countries and Southeast Asian economies on issues relating to the business and investment climate.

The programme achieves its aims through regional policy dialogue, country investment policy reviews, and training seminars.

Regional dialogue on investment policy

Regional dialogue allows for experience sharing on investment policy design, implementation and harmonisation. It offers a platform for individual economies to disseminate the results of their investment policy reviews and contribute to the identification of best practices.

  • Presentations to the ASEAN Coordinating Committee on Investment (2009, 2010, 2016)

  • Presentations to the AANZFTA Committee on Investment (2010, 2013, 2014, 2015)

Investment policy reviews

Investment policy reviews are usually undertaken by governments looking to identify and implement investment policy reforms that will make their country a more attractive destination for investors. These reviews are undertaken jointly by the OECD and the government of the country concerned based on the Policy Framework for Investment.

The OECD and ASEAN work closely together to promote these reviews which help to stimulate sustained and deepened relations with Asia’s most important regional economic community:




Cambodia (2018)

Indonesia (2010, 2019 forthcoming)

Lao People's Democratic Republic (2017)

Malaysia (2013) 

Myanmar (2014, 2019 forthcoming)

Philippines (2016)

Thailand (2019 forthcoming)

Viet Nam (2009 and 2018)

Southeast Asia (2018)

Investment policy training

To complement country reviews and regional dialogue, the OECD holds investment policy training seminars. These capacity-building seminars assist government officials in South East Asia to design, develop and implement sound investment policies. These seminars build on the PFI and OECD’s experience gained from the investment policy reviews undertaken in Southeast Asia, Central and South Asia, Africa and Latin America.

The first training seminar was held in Da Nang, Viet Nam, in June 2013.

The topics typically covered by such seminars are:

  • Principles and applications of the PFI
  • Investment policy
  • Options for regulating and protecting investment
  • Investment promotion and facilitation
  • Responsible business conduct
  • Investment in infrastructure 


Policy Framework for Investment

OECD Principles for Private Sector Participation in Infrastructure

Private sector participation in the water and sanitation sector - Checklist for Public Action

OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises

OECD Risk Awareness Tool for Multinational Enterprises in Weak Governance Zones

Indonesia and the Policy Framework for Investment

Association of Southeast Asian Nations 

OECD Global Relations portal


Any questions should be addressed to Mr. Stephen Thomsen
Tel: +33 1 45 24 83 68



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