Politique réglementaire

OECD Global Conference on Governance Innovation: Towards Agile Regulatory Frameworks in the Fourth Industrial Revolution


Paris, 13-14 January 2020,  Twitter:  #GovInnovation2020

An event co-organised by the Public Governance and the Science, Technology and Innovation directorates, with the support of the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry


Technological changes affect societies and economies in many ways, including via new means of communication and collaboration; new products that feature a strong service component; data as a driver of economic growth; the automation of tasks with artificial intelligence; and the emergence of new business models such as online platforms.


The 2019 G20 Ministerial Statement on Trade and Digital Economy recognised that “harnessing the full potential of emerging technologies would benefit from more innovation enabling approaches to policy making than in the past” and that “governance in the digital era needs to be not only innovation-friendly but also innovative itself, while not losing legal certainty. Interoperable standards, frameworks and regulatory cooperation can help in this regard”. In line with this statement, there is a need for well-adapted and innovative regulatory policy and governance approaches to help reconcile the effectiveness and innovation-friendliness of laws and regulations for the fourth industrial revolution. 


Conference objectives

The main goals were to exchange information on the need for and experience with governance innovation in the context of different sectors and different countries, both within and outside of the OECD, and to inform future OECD work. 


Day 1

Agile regulatory frameworks


Opening Session
Presenters: Paola Pisano, Minister for Technological Innovation and Digitization, Italy & Keita Nishiyama, Director-General for Commerce and Information Policy Bureau, Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry, Japan


Session 1. Anticipatory regulatory policy and governance approaches
How are governments identifying the regulatory implications of emerging technologies and driving reforms? How can governments break regulatory silos and align their institutions to meet the challenges raised by emerging technologies? 


Session 2. Outcome-focused governance and regulatory approaches
How can governments develop more principles-based regulation, matched with sectoral oversight? What can be expected from co- and self-regulation? 


Session 3. Experimental governance and regulatory approaches
How are governments supporting the testing and trialling of emerging technologies with innovative approaches? How should risk based approaches evolve with new technological risks and challenges? 


Session 4. Adressing the transboundary challenges raised by emerging technologies
How can governments pursue international regulatory cooperation to support the adaptation of regulatory frameworks? 

Day 2

Using new technologies to achieve better outcomes and accountability


Session 5. Improving compliance through data and AI What are the values of data and algorithms in compliance? What risks should be monitored in what time scale and how? How can governments seize the opportunities offered by digital technologies such as real-time monitoring and AI-driven decision making to improve enforcement activities? 


Session 6. How do we manage liability and accountability in an AI-driven world?
What is the liability risk from algorithmic decision-making? To what extent can the liability risk of algorithmic decision-making be reduced? How can it be achieved? 




Documents connexes