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  • 31-August-2021

    English

    Promoting research and innovation in the Slovak Republic through an effective use of European funds

    This policy paper analyses current practices related to the implementation of European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF) in the Slovak Republic, in particular, the Operational Programme Research and Innovation (R&I). The Slovak Republic benefits from one of the largest shares of European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF). However, the country ranks amongst the EU member states with the lowest absorption of R&I ESIF. In 2017, administrative inefficiencies and irregularities resulted in further decommitments by the European Commission. This paper identifies bottlenecks in the ESIF projects’ implementation across the entire project life cycle, from the preparation of calls to the execution of selected projects. It offers the Slovak Republic tailored policy recommendations to support the effective implementation of European funds for research and innovation and avoid further decommissioning. To ensure lasting changes, this policy paper proposes an action plan where all relevant stakeholders would contribute to effectively implementing transformational reforms.
  • 18-August-2021

    English

    Green Budgeting in OECD Countries

    Climate and environmental considerations have become pressing priorities for governments in recent years. International commitments such as the Paris Agreement, the Aichi Biodiversity Targets under the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have spurred momentum across the OECD to prioritise green objectives to policy-making processes. As these efforts require systematic considerations across all parts of government, countries have identified the budget process as playing a key role in ensuring that priorities relating to the environment and climate change are part of the policy-making process. Thus, there has been an emergence of 'green budgeting' practices across the OECD. Countries use green budgeting as a tool of budgetary policy making to provide policy makers with a clearer understanding of the environmental and climate impacts of budgeting choices, while bringing evidence together in a systematic and co-ordinated manner for more informed decision making to fulfil national and international commitments. This publication presents the findings from the first survey on green budgeting across OECD countries and provides information on the extent to which countries have the key elements of an effective approach to pursue environmental and climate priorities.
  • 30-July-2021

    English

    International Regulatory Co-operation

    Established domestic regulatory frameworks are reaching their limits to cope with today’s increasing cross-boundary policy challenges. Only united action can effectively navigate the rapid growth of economic integration and interdependencies, particularly driven by innovative technologies. Yet, contemporary regulatory frameworks tend to build on national jurisdictional boundaries constraining common solutions to meet the growing transboundary nature of policy challenges. In the aftermaths of global crises, such as the 2008 financial crisis or the COVID-19 pandemic, which exposed the vulnerabilities of global health, economic and governance systems, it is time for a true paradigm shift towards more systematic consideration of the international environment in domestic regulatory frameworks. The OECD Best Practice Principles on International Regulatory Co-operation provide practical guidance supporting policy makers and civil servants in adapting regulatory frameworks to the interconnected reality. They outline key elements in defining a dedicated whole-of-government strategy and governance structure, embedding international considerations throughout the domestic regulatory design, development and delivery, and leveraging bilateral, regional and multilateral international co-operation on regulatory matters to support national policy objectives. Compiling various ways of international regulatory co-operation and experiences from countries, the OECD Best Practice Principles on International Regulatory Co-operation provide impetus for policy makers and civil servants in a variety of legal and administrative environments on how to promote quality and resilience of regulatory frameworks in times of an increasingly interconnected world.
  • 27-juillet-2021

    Français

    Voix citoyenne au Maroc 2021 - La communication au service d’une administration ouverte au niveau régional

    Ce rapport analyse la contribution de la communication publique régionale au renforcement de la transparence, l'intégrité, la redevabilité et la participation citoyenne au Maroc. S'appuyant sur deux conseils régionaux pilotes, Beni Mellal-Khénifra et Tanger-Tétouan-Al Hoceima, il examine la gouvernance et les orientations données aux fonctions de communication en place dans les deux nouvelles administrations, les initiatives mises en œuvre, ainsi que les défis et opportunités pour communiquer avec les citoyens et contribuer à renforcer la transparence, l'intégrité, la redevabilité et la participation citoyenne. Il envisage des réponses aux enjeux actuels dans ces domaines, y compris en termes de stratégies de communication, de communication numérique ou face aux défis de la désinformation, et propose des pistes de réformes fondées sur des bonnes pratiques de pays membres de l'OCDE.
  • 26-July-2021

    English

    The Public Sector Pay System in Israel

    This report analyses the pay system in Israel’s public sector, and provides recommendations to align it with the strategic priorities of the government. It recommends ways to simplify job classification and better match pay to market rates, particularly in areas where the public sector has trouble competing for talent. It also identifies opportunities to better reward performance, productivity and job responsibilities. In Israel, no pay reform is possible without the agreement and active collaboration of public sector unions, and so the second part of this report focuses on public sector labour relations and makes recommendations to improve the functioning of the collective bargaining process in Israel’s public sector. This report contributes to the ongoing work of the OECD’s Public Employment and Management working party, to support the implementation of the Recommendation of Council on Public Service Leadership and Capability.
  • 14-July-2021

    English

    Implementing Regulatory Impact Assessment at Peru’s National Superintendence of Sanitation Services

    Regulations play a fundamental role in achieving public policy objectives, including the protection of human health and the environment, the fight against monopolies, or the efficient provision of water and sanitation services. Regulatory impact assessment (RIA) is an important tool for ensuring that regulations are of good quality. This report provides guidance for implementing RIA at the National Superintendence of Sanitation Services in Peru (Sunass). After assessing the agency’s process for issuing rules, the report provides recommendations for designing legal reforms needed to establish RIA as a permanent practice as well as training for the staff who will develop the RIAs. The report includes technical guidelines on undertaking public consultation, identifying public policy problems, and performing cost-benefit analysis.
  • 9-juillet-2021

    Français

    Panorama des administrations publiques 2021

    L'édition 2021 inclut des indicateurs portant sur les intrants axés sur les finances publiques et l'emploi public ; les indicateurs de processus incluent des données sur les institutions, les pratiques budgétaires, la gestion des ressources humaines, la gouvernance de la réglementation, la passation des marchés publics, la gouvernance de l’infrastructure, l’intégrité du secteur public, et l’ouverture et la transition numérique de l’administration. Les indicateurs de résultat couvrent les principaux résultats des pouvoirs publics (ex. la confiance, l’efficacité politique, la réduction des inégalités) et les indicateurs portant sur l’accessibilité, la réactivité, la qualité et le degré de satisfaction à l’égard des services publics de l’éducation, de la santé et de la justice. Les indicateurs de gouvernance sont utiles pour surveiller et évaluer le progrès des administrations publiques dans les réformes du secteur public.
  • 8-July-2021

    English

    Public Procurement in the State of Mexico - Enhancing Efficiency and Competition

    This review analyses the public procurement system, processes and tools applied in the State of Mexico, the biggest federal entity in the country in terms of population. It assesses the extent of centralisation of the procurement function, its implications and areas of opportunity to reap the benefits of such strategy. By analysing the degree of competition in public tenders, the review provides alternatives to increase competitive pressures to maximise efficiency and value-for-money. Likewise, it evaluates the e-procurement platform COMPRAMEX and its potential to incorporate new transactional functions. Finally, the review assesses measures implemented to advance integrity in public procurement and the professionalisation of the procurement workforce. It provides concrete proposals addressing every aspect of the procurement lifecycle, from planning and market consultations to contract management.
  • 8-juillet-2021

    Français

    La gouvernance au service des jeunes, de la confiance et de la justice intergénérationnelle - Des politiques adaptées à toutes les générations ?

    Les transformations d’ampleur planétaire – du vieillissement de la population à la transition numérique en passant par l’accentuation des inégalités et le changement climatique – engendrent de profondes incertitudes pour les jeunes et les générations futures, et ce malgré un accès sans précédent à l’information, à l’éducation et à la technologie. La pandémie du COVID-19 a exacerbé les problèmes préexistants concernant le bien-être mental et l’emploi des jeunes, et a suscité de nouvelles inquiétudes quant à la viabilité des finances publiques. Ce rapport fournit la première évaluation comparative des politiques, lois, capacités institutionnelles et outils de gouvernance mis en place par 42 gouvernements nationaux et l’Union Européenne pour promouvoir l’autonomisation des jeunes et la justice intergénérationnelle. Il définit des éléments de comparaison internationale dans trois grands domaines : 1) Accompagner la transition des jeunes vers l’autonomie ; 2) Renforcer leur participation et leur représentation dans la vie publique, ainsi que leur confiance à l’égard des institutions publiques, et 3) Assurer l’équité des résultats de l’action publique pour toutes les générations. Enfin, il fournit des orientations concrètes à l’intention des responsables publics, des organisations de la société civile et des jeunes désireux de bâtir un présent et un avenir où aucune génération ne sera laissée pour compte.
  • 8-July-2021

    English

    OECD Integrity Review of the State of Mexico - Enabling a Culture of Integrity

    This review analyses the Anti-corruption Policy of the State of Mexico and Municipalities, highlighting its strengths (i.e. inclusion and rigour) as well as the need to include specific integrity risks (i.e. policy capture) to make it more comprehensive. The review analyses how the State Government could develop ownership of ethical rules and values to effectively influence public officials’ behaviour. It also assesses the internal control and risk management scheme of the State of Mexico, providing an overview of its good practices and weak points. Finally, it examines the role of the administrative liability regime for state public officials and its effectiveness in ensuring accountability. It describes the legal framework for administrative responsibilities, which provides a comprehensive and solid foundation for enforcing integrity rules and standards, but requires support to improve implementation.
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