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The effort to ensure that Africa’s new, 21st-century oil producers avoid the resource curse has involved the promotion of a remarkably similar set of institutional reforms, often termed the Norwegian Model. This model involves separating out the policy, commercial and regulatory functions of oil governance, and is based on the successful experience of Norway.
Policy note identifies long-term questions and implications of the Covid-19 crisis with regard to market structure, infrastructure investment and the role of regulators.
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An important aspect of the digital transformation is the change in citizens’ and businesses’ expectations about their interaction with governments. But meeting these new expectations poses a great challenge for governments and requires the digital transformation of governments themselves; failing to adapt could undermine the social contract.
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This document summarises the key findings of the report "Productivity and Jobs in a Globalised World: (How) Can All Regions Benefit?"
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Portugal has shown a strong commitment towards a more effective and efficient public sector. However, the country should deepen its efforts to digitally transform its public sector by ensuring that data is used to build public sector intelligence as well as identifying and developing the current and future skills for a digitally-agile civil service.
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In 2010, the Hungarian government started an ambitious public sector reform programme with the aim of modernising its public administration and improve access, responsiveness and quality of public services.
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Fragmentation is putting pressure on the effectiveness of the country’s governance mechanisms and service delivery capacity, further aggravated by limited steering and coordination capacity.
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The economic impact of corruption in Brazil, South America’s largest economy, is significant not only nationally but also regionally. However, there are elements that point to an improving situation.
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Brazil has made significant progress in building a reputation for sound fiscal policy since it passed the Fiscal Responsibility Law in 2000. In recent years, however, the fiscal situation has become more difficult as public spending and gross debt have risen.
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India adopted a broad-based strategic approach to e-government in 2006 through the National E-Governance Plan. The plan set out key priority areas such as the creation of shared data and service centres. However, these changes have so far had little effect on overall governance and citizens’ quality of life.