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  • 8-November-2023

    English

    Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes: Latvia 2023 (Second Round) - Peer Review Report on the Exchange of Information on Request

    This peer review report analyses the practical implementation of the standard of transparency and exchange of information on request in Latvia, as part of the second round of reviews conducted by the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes since 2016.
  • 8-November-2023

    English

    Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes: Serbia 2023 (Second Round) - Peer Review Report on the Exchange of Information on Request

    This peer review report analyses the practical implementation of the standard of transparency and exchange of information on request in Serbia, as part of the second round of reviews conducted by the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes since 2016.
  • 8-November-2023

    English

    Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes: Thailand 2023 (Second Round) - Peer Review Report on the Exchange of Information on Request

    This peer review report analyses the practical implementation of the standard of transparency and exchange of information on request in Thailand, as part of the second round of reviews conducted by the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes since 2016.
  • 8-November-2023

    English

    Fiscal equalisation and regional development policies - Is there a case for enhanced synergies?

    Fiscal equalisation and regional development policies have often been perceived as separate policy fields. As a result, little is known about their potential interactions and implications for economic growth and welfare. This working paper reviews the two policies, explores the potential for enhanced synergies between the two, and proposes a theoretical framework linking them. The latter, which has not been empirically tested yet, posits that if regional development policies are correctly designed and implemented, their success should result in a drop of income disparities. Coupled with good governance practices and a framework that clearly allocates responsibilities among levels of government, more equal jurisdictions would find it easier to provide similar levels of services with comparable tax rates across the country. Therefore, whilst correctly designed and implemented fiscal equalisation policies remain a tool to patch gaps that may occur due to the shifting variety of revenue potential and spending needs of subnational entities, the need and the size of fiscal equalisation transfers could be significantly reduced if regional development policies in place are effective. This working paper concludes with a discussion on the benefits and challenges of enhancing synergies between the two policies, opening the door for future in-depth research.
  • 6-novembre-2023

    Français

    Cadre de détermination des prix de transfert appliqué aux prix des minéraux

    Dans le secteur minier, les recettes publiques sont traditionnellement générées par le prélèvement de redevances et d'impôts sur le revenu sur la valeur des minerais extraits. Cependant, en raison de la fréquence et de l'ampleur des transactions entre parties liées, le risque potentiel de non-conformité des prix de transfert peut être élevé pour les recettes fiscales, en particulier en ce qui concerne la valeur des minerais extraits. Ce guide offre aux pays en développement une orientation pratique et significative permettant de déterminer le prix des minéraux vendus à des parties liées conformément au principe de pleine concurrence. Il offre un cadre d’utilisation des principes applicables aux prix de transfert permettant la méthode du prix comparable sur le marché libre (CUP), notamment les principaux facteurs économiques qui influent sur le prix des minéraux ('cadre de détermination des prix des minerais'). Cela inclut également des approches administratives simplifiées concernant les ventes qui pourraient réduire le fardeau administratif des pays en développement.
  • 6-novembre-2023

    Français

    Cadre de détermination des prix des minéraux appliqué à la bauxite

    Dans le secteur minier, les recettes publiques dépendent de la précision du prix et de la mesure des produits minéraux. Cela peut s'avérer particulièrement complexe pour les minéraux semi-transformés tels que la bauxite, qui est utilisée en phase finale dans la chaîne de valeur de l'aluminium. L’annexe présentée dans ce rapport propose un cadre pour la détermination des prix des minéraux - ainsi qu’indiqué dans le document conjoint de l’OCDE et de l’IGF, Cadre de détermination des prix de transfert appliqué aux prix des minéraux - qui vise à répertorier les principaux facteurs économiques pouvant influer sur la fixation des prix de la bauxite en appliquant la méthode du prix comparable sur le marché libre (CUP) et à veiller à ce que les pays en développement soient en mesure d’imposer les exportations de minéraux de manière adéquate. La présente annexe montre par des exemples concrets comment le cadre peut être précisément appliqué à la bauxite.
  • 31-October-2023

    English

    ATAF and OECD renew partnership to strengthen tax co-operation in Africa

    The African Tax Administration Forum (ATAF) and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) signed a renewal of their Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for a period of five years, agreeing to continue to work together towards the common objective of promoting fair and efficient tax systems and administrations in Africa.

    Related Documents
  • 31-October-2023

    English

    Revenue Statistics in Africa 2023

    This annual publication compiles comparable tax revenue and non-tax revenue statistics for 33 countries in Africa: Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Chad, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eswatini, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Togo, Tunisia and Uganda. The report extends the well-established methodology on the classification of public revenues set out in the OECD Interpretative Guide to African countries, thereby enabling comparison of tax levels and tax structures not only across the continent but also with the OECD, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia and the Pacific. Data on African countries presented in this publication are also included in the OECD’s Global Revenue Statistics database, which is a fundamental reference for analysis of domestic resource mobilisation. This edition includes a special feature on the VAT Digital Toolkit for Africa. The publication is jointly undertaken by the OECD Centre for Tax Policy and Administration, the OECD Development Centre, the African Union Commission (AUC) and the African Tax Administration Forum (ATAF), with the financial support of the European Union. SPECIAL FEATURE: VAT DIGITAL TOOLKIT FOR AFRICA
  • 31-octobre-2023

    Français

    En 2021, les recettes fiscales de l'Afrique restent inférieures à leurs niveaux d'avant la pandémie alors que les difficultés de financement s'aggravent

    Selon l’édition 2023 des Statistiques des recettes publiques en Afrique publiée aujourd’hui, le ratio moyen impôts/PIB de l’Afrique s’établissait à 15.6 % en 2021, soit un niveau semblable à celui à l’année précédente et toujours en deçà de celui d’avant la pandémie.

    Documents connexes
  • 26-October-2023

    English

    Bricks, Taxes and Spending - Solutions for Housing Equity across Levels of Government

    This report addresses housing inequities through a series of analytical chapters and case studies. The cross-country chapters examine the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on housing demand, develop a proposal for a green land value tax, evaluate the dynamics between fiscal autonomy and housing supply responsiveness, as well as explore the drivers of inter-regional migration. The case studies unravel the changes of Korea's progressive national property tax and a programme to address regional imbalances, assess the impact of the US property tax system on housing, dive into Norway's property taxation in relation to inequality, as well as survey Belgium's approaches to housing policy. With a blend of empirical data and critical analysis, the report underscores the pressing need for comprehensive strategies in addressing housing inequities. It also offers insights for policymakers and scholars, highlighting the complex balance between national and local housing policies.
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