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The United States spends more on healthcare than any other OECD country, both as a proportion of GDP (16.9%) and per person (USD 10 586). High levels of spending have not translated into people leading longer lives. Life expectancy at birth is two years below the OECD average, and actually declined by over two months between 2012 and 2017.
Les gouvernements devraient traiter l’épidémie des opioïdes comme une crise de santé publique et améliorer les traitements, les soins et les aides en faveur des personnes dépendantes. Les décès par surdose continuent d’augmenter, favorisés par la hausse des prescriptions abusives ou non d’opioïdes à des fins antalgiques et le trafic de drogue, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
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Resistance proportions for eight antibiotic-bacterium pairs in the United States have increased in recent years, from 20% in 2005 to 23% in 2015, and could go up to 25% by 2030, should current trends in antibiotic consumption, population and economic growth continue into the future. Resistance proportions in the United States were higher than the OECD average in 2015 (17%).
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There are two broad categories of nurses in the United States: licensed practical nurses (LPNs) or licensed vocational nurses (LVNs, and registered nurses (RNs). In addition, graduates from RN programs can pursue further education at the master’s (or doctorate) level to become Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs).
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New medical graduates then pursue their clinical specialty training (internship/residency), with the length of the training varying depending on the specialty. Overall, to become a doctor in the US, on average, a student can expect 10 to 16 years of higher education and post-graduate training.
Base de données Statistiques de l'OCDE sur la santé 2015 - Notes par pays
The USA has exceptional levels of health-care expenditure, but growth slowed dramatically in recent years, amidst major efforts to close the coverage gap with other OECD countries.
Gains made towards slowing health expenditure growth in the United States in recent years could be negated by price increases associated with the continuing economic recovery unless more efforts are made to contain spending, says a new OECD paper published in The Lancet.
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Life expectancy has increased in the United States over the past decades, but less rapidly than in other OECD countries. This is due to gaps in health insurance coverage and proper primary care, poorer health-related behaviours and poor living conditions for a significant proportion of the U.S. population, according to a new OECD report.
Selon une nouvelle étude publiée par l'OCDE, la crise économique mondiale a eu d’importantes répercussions sur le bien-être des populations, qui s’étendent bien au-delà des suppressions d’emplois et de la perte de revenus puisqu’elles influent sur la satisfaction des individus à l’égard de leur vie et sur leur confiance dans les pouvoirs publics.