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  • 30-July-2019

    English

    Addressing Industrial Air Pollution in Kazakhstan - Reforming Environmental Payments Policy Guidelines

    Kazakhstan has recorded impressive economic growth rates since its independence, driven mainly by export of commodities and high rate of energy use. These rates are not sustainable and are generating significant air pollution, in particular from industrial stationary sources. This is putting at risk the country’s development ambitions to become one of the top global economies by 2050 and converge towards OECD living standards. Building on OECD previous analysis, this publication shows that Kazakhstan’s environmental payments (environmentally related taxes, non-compliance penalties and compensation for damage regulation) for industrial air pollutants, as currently applied, impede energy efficiency and pollution abatement with heavy-handed non-compliance responses and focus on rising revenues. They also add to the cost of doing businesses in the country with limited environmental benefit. In the spirit of the Polluter-Pays Principle, much more reforms of regulation of environmental payments are needed. This report provides guidelines for reform drawing from air pollution regulations in OECD member countries and the results of the analysis of the system in Kazakhstan carried out by the OECD in close co-operation with the Government of Kazakhstan.
  • 30-July-2019

    English

    Enhancing the Economic Regulatory System for Moldova’s Water Supply and Sanitation

    This report aims to support the development of a sound economic regulatory system for the water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector in the Republic of Moldova (hereafter 'Moldova'). The prevailing policy framework calls for drastic developments in WSS to modernise and optimise WSS systems and improve operational efficiency (non-revenue water, staff-output ratios etc.) – in line with domestic and international commitments (including the Association Agreement with the European Union, the Sustainable Development Goals, the Paris Agreement and the national WSS strategy). This report outlines ways and means for strengthening the capacity of the Moldovan government to provide sound regulation and that of WSS operators to deliver higher standards of service while ensuring the affordability of WSS services. Such a transition cannot happen overnight. It requires a sound economic regulatory system conducive to affordability, cost recovery and debt servicing, and a realistic performance improvement path for water utilities.
  • 19-July-2019

    English

    Policy approaches to incentivise sustainable plastic design - Environment Working Paper

    Policy instruments can be applied to improve the sustainability of plastics, including regulations, market-based instruments, information and voluntary tools. The report reviews the use of these instruments, provides good practice examples, such as product taxes and charges, eco-design standards, extended producer responsibility and environmental product labels, as well as discussing opportunities for their future applications.

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  • 10-July-2019

    English

    OECD Green Growth Policy Review of Indonesia 2019

    Indonesia is the world’s fourth most populated country, and the largest archipelagic one. Vibrant economic growth has lifted millions of people out of poverty. Economic success, however, has come at a high environmental cost. Rapid land-use change and reliance on fossil energy make Indonesia one of the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitters. Deforestation and pollution are putting pressure on its megadiverse ecosystems. Environmental services such as water supply, sanitation and waste management need to be further expanded and improved. Advancing to a greener economy will require continued efforts to develop policies, strengthen institutions and secure sufficient resources. This is the first Green Growth Policy Review of Indonesia. It examines progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a special emphasis on the nexus of land use, ecosystems and climate change.
  • 3-July-2019

    English

    Economic interactions between climate change and outdoor air pollution - Environment Working Paper

    Climate change and outdoor air pollution are two of the most challenging environmental issues that modern society faces. This paper presents the first global analysis of the joint economic consequences of climate change and outdoor air pollution to 2060, in the absence of new policies to address these challenges.

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  • 3-juillet-2019

    Français

    Citant la colère du public et le militantisme des jeunes, le Secrétaire général de l’OCDE exhorte les gouvernements à répondre aux appels à l’action climatique

    Angel Gurría, Secrétaire général de l’OCDE, a appelé aujourd’hui les gouvernements à répondre à la colère grandissante du public, en particulier des jeunes, face à l’inaction climatique.

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  • 30-juin-2019

    Français

    L’OCDE soutient les priorités d’action du G20 au sommet d’Osaka

    À l’occasion du sommet d’Osaka de ce week-end, les dirigeants du G20 sont convenus d’un certain nombre de priorités dans des domaines où les analyses et le soutien de l’OCDE et d’autres organisations internationales jouent un rôle crucial.

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  • 17-juin-2019

    Français

    L’OCDE constate une relance du soutien aux combustibles fossiles, qui compromet la lutte contre le changement climatique

    Les subventions aux énergies fossiles sont préjudiciables pour l’environnement, ont un coût et faussent la concurrence.

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  • 8-juin-2019

    Français

    Travaux de l'OCDE en faveur d'un océan durable

    Afin de soutenir les efforts des gouvernements pour passer à une économie océanique plus durable, l’OCDE mobilise son expertise sur plusieurs fronts politiques, couvrant les dimensions environnementale, économique, financière et sociale.

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  • 29-May-2019

    English

    Latvian economy is thriving, but boosting productivity, improving social protection and transitioning to a low-carbon productive model are vital for sustainable and inclusive growth

    The Latvian economy is thriving, with strong job growth driving convergence with more advanced economies. Efforts should now focus on reducing inequality, responding to the challenges posed by population ageing and making growth stronger, inclusive and greener, according to two new OECD reports.

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