Changement climatique

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - March 2014



This Global Forum was held at the OECD Conference Center, Paris (France). Organised by the OECD and the IEA,  it aimed to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of countries on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. This seminar is an informal meeting outside of the UNFCCC negotiations and discussions were non-attributed.

The Secretariat would like to thank Australia, Belgium, the European Commission, Germany, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK for their direct funding of the CCXG in 2013/14, and the OECD and IEA for their in-kind support. 


Slide share: all presentations available on ccxg gf march 2014


Welcoming remarks and recap of outcomes of September 2013
by Karine Hertzberg, Chair of the Climate Change Expert Group
Opening Plenary: Towards a 2015 climate change agreement - relevant recent research

Focus: key questions from Warsaw based on recent research by the IEA and the OECD.

The IEA outlined results of recent research on the energy sector. These analyses could inform development of countries’ domestic mitigation ambition. The OECD presented initial results of the CIRCLE project, which quantifies the future costs of inaction and benefits of environmental policy actions. These results could be relevant to current discussions on loss and damage.

Speakers: Philippe Benoit, IEA (IEA analysis to inform domestic ambition); Rob Dellink, OECD (Initial results of the CIRCLE project ); Edward Mazria, Architecture 2030; Kishan Kumarsingh and Artur Runge-Metzger, ADP co-chairs

Breakout Group Climate Finance
Scale-up and replication of climate finance interventions 

Focus 1: The topic of scaling up and replicating climate finance interventions

The first Part of this breakout group outlined broad lessons on the issues learned from various experiences to date. 
The second Part discussed challenges facing institutional frameworks of climate finance sources. 
The third Part looked into how to identify and tackle barriers to facilitating further climate finance interventions. 

Co-facilitated by Herman Sips (Netherlands) and Suzanty Sitorus (Indonesia)

Draft Background document: “Scaling up and replicating effective climate finance interventions” by Takayoshi Kato, Jane Ellis, Pieter Pauw and Randy Caruso

Part 1 - Broad lessons on replication and scale-up of climate finance interventions
Takayoshi Kato (OECD)
Katrin Enting (KFW)

Part 2 - Challenges of institutional frameworks in scaling up climate finance
Jane Ellis (OECD)
Antwi-Boasiako Amoah (Ghana)
Jérôme Bertrand-Hardy and Emmanuelle Matz (Proparco)

Part 3 - Identifying and tackling barriers to replication and scaling-up
Jan-Willem van de Ven (EBRD) 
Rafael Marchesini (BNDES)
Isabel Cavelier Adarve (Colombia) and Inka Gnittke (BMU)

Focus 2: Lessons learned on replication and scale-up of climate finance interventionswww

Part 1 explored how to mobilise further climate finance through replication and scale-up.
Part 2 specifically focused on replication and scale-up of adaptation activities that involve both public and private sectors.

Co-facilitated by Tosi Mpanu Mpanu (Democratic Republic of Congo) and Georg Børsting (Norway)

Draft Background document: “Scaling up and replicating effective climate finance interventions” by Takayoshi Kato, Jane Ellis, Pieter Pauw and Randy Caruso 

Part 1 - Mobilising further climate finance through replication and scale-up
Sharlin Hemraj (South Africa)
Ichiro Sato (JICA)
Jane Wilkinson (CPI)

Part 2 - Lessons on scaling-up private-public adaptation activities
Wolfgang Weinmann (Cafédirect)
Pieter Pauw (DIE)
Part 3 - Implications for future work
Chizuru Aoki (GEF)

Breakout Group Post-2015 Agreement
Designing a flexible and durable 2015 agreement


Focus: Building some flexibility into the design of the 2015 agreement could make it more durable in the face of new scientific discoveries, external changes and shocks. The aim of this session was to explore what a flexible and durable climate change agreement could look like and to propose pragmatic options for the design of such an agreement.

Co-facilitated by Gilberto Arias (Dominican Republic) and Paul Watkinson (France)
Draft Background document: “Built to Last: Designing a Flexible and Durable 2015 Climate Change Agreement” by Gregory Briner, Takayoshi Kato and Takashi Hattori

Part 1
Gregory Briner (OECD)
Olai Ngedikes Uludong (Nauru)
Farhana Yamin (UCL)

Part 2
Takayoshi Kato (OECD)
Jennifer Morgan (WRI)
Part 3
Open discussion: Implications for future CCXG work

Breakout Group Accounting
Accounting for post-2020 mitigation contributions: facilitating clarity, transparency and understanding

Focus: The implications of a diverse range of possible mitigation contribution types for accounting in the 2015 agreement. 
Part 1 explores the importance of accounting and implications of non-GHG contributions. Part 2 focuses on double-counting and single-year targets. Part 3 considers the way forward: how the timing of negotiations on accounting issues could fit with the communication of intended national mitigation contributions.

Co-facilitated by Alvaro Umaña (Costa Rica) and Helen Plume (New Zealand)

Draft Background documents: “GHG or not GHG: Accounting for diverse mitigation contributions in the post-2020 climate framework”  by Christina Hood, Gregory Briner  and Marcelo Rocha

Part 1
Christina Hood (IEA)
Veronika Elgart (Switzerland)
Natalie Unterstell (Brazil)

Part 2
Christina Hood (IEA)
Lambert Schneider (independent consultant)
Huynh Thi Lan Huong (Vietnam)

Part 3
Gregory Briner (OECD)
Natalie Kushko (Ukraine)
David Wei (Marshall Islands)

Closing Plenary: Next steps

Focus: Reflections on the discussions in breakout groups and implications for future CCXG work

by Rosa Morales (Peru)

Co-facilitators Summaries/Key points of breakout groups and discussions

  • Climate finance replication and scaling up
  • Designing a flexible and durable 2015 agreement
  • Accounting for post-2020 mitigation contributions: facilitating clarity, transparency and understanding



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