Latest Documents

  • 28-August-2020


    The jobs potential of a transition towards a resource efficient and circular economy

    This paper examines the consequences of a policy-driven transition towards a more resource-efficient and circular economy on employment levels across countries and sectors during the period 2018-2040. The analysis relies on simulations with ENV-Linkages, the global structural computable general equilibrium model of the OECD Environment Directorate. The results suggest that the overall reallocation of jobs due to a fiscal policy package promoting resource efficiency and the transition to a circular economy is limited to 18 million jobs in 2040 and net job creations are marginal, with 1.8 million of jobs.
  • 18-August-2020


    Virtual Roundtable: EU4Environment helps Azerbaijan align national environmental assessment legislation with international commitments

    EU4Environment is helping Azerbaijan align national environmental assessment legislation with international commitments. Azerbaijan progresses on its commitment to apply environmental impact assessment, including in a transboundary context, to prevent and mitigate damage to the environment and health from economic growth.

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  • 12-August-2020


    Pesticide risk reduction

    This page tells about the OECD Pesticide Risk Reduction project.

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  • 29-July-2020


    Accelerating Climate Action in Israel - Refocusing Mitigation Policies for the Electricity, Residential and Transport Sectors

    This report analyses the actions necessary in the near and medium term to reduce Israel’s GHG emissions in three sectors– electricity, residential and transport, for which specific policy recommendations are developed. The report will serve as input to the roadmap that will be developed to support the country’s long-term low-emission strategy (LT-LEDS). The report adopts a 'well-being lens' that aims to integrate climate action and broader societal priorities, such as affordable housing, better accessibility to jobs, services and opportunities, and improved health. Such an approach can make climate policies both easier to implement politically, economically and socially, as well as more cost-effective. Particular attention is given to avoiding locking in unsustainable development pathways that would impede the achievement of net-zero carbon dioxide emissions in the second half of the century. In addition to the range of sector specific recommendations, a key recommendation for Israel is to enshrine the vision and targets of its LT-LEDS in national legislation, once developed and agreed. While written before the COVID-19 crisis, this report can also inform decisions on Israel’s recovery from the crisis, helping to avoid actions that would lock-in 'inferior' carbon-intensive paradigms and entrench inequalities or reduce quality of life more broadly.
  • 29-July-2020


    Nature-based solutions for adapting to water-related climate risks

    Healthy ecosystems, and their associated services, can provide effective natural protection against water-related climate risks. Nature-based solutions (NbS) have recently gained momentum in international policy discussions due to their potential to foster synergies between ecosystem health and human wellbeing, while also offering economic benefits. This paper provides an overview of the use of NbS to date in OECD countries and finds that in most cases ambition for NbS does not match practice. Focusing on the application of NbS for addressing climate-related flood and drought risks, this paper explores why prevailing decision making frameworks may fail to adequately consider NbS. It sets out a policy evaluation framework that supports the identification of, and proposed ways to address constraints on the use of NbS to address water-related climate risks.
  • 22-July-2020


    Report of an OECD Survey on Risk Management/Mitigation Approaches and Options Related to Agricultural Pesticide Use Near Residential Areas

    This report collates and analyses the responses from a 2012 survey circulated to OECD Member countries to collect information on risk management and risk mitigation approaches used and developed by governments for professional agricultural pesticide use near residential areas. The purpose of the survey was to provide an information source on the various approaches to risk mitigation related to pesticide use/application/spray drift adopted by countries (whether on a legal or voluntary basis).
  • 20-July-2020


    EU4Environment virtual consultation with Ukraine

    On 20 July 2020, the EU4Environment Implementing Partners, jointly with the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources and Ministry for Development of Economy, Trade and Agriculture of Ukraine, held a virtual consultation. The objectives were to review the in-country situation in light of COVID-19; present progress with EU4Environment implementatio and discuss plans for the rest of the year in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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  • 7-July-2020


    Blog: COVID-19 and the looming plastics pandemic

    During the height of the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, the city was dealing with more than 240 tons of medical waste a day, a six-fold increase over the amount being treated before the outbreak. Improperly discarded single-use facemasks and gloves have already been found at beaches of remote islands and floating at sea, adding to the already chronic problem of marine plastic litter...

  • 3-juillet-2020


    Coût de l’inaction et rareté des ressources : Conséquences pour la croissance économique à long terme (CIRCLE)

    Ce projet vise à évaluer comment le changement climatique, la rareté des ressources naturelles et autres aspects négatifs impactant l’environnement sont sont susceptibles d’affecter la croissance économique dans les décennies à venir. Il s’agit d'une évaluation globale à grande échelle qui englobe les implications de plusieurs défis environnementaux sur la croissance économique.

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  • 2-July-2020


    Improving resource efficiency and the circularity of economies for a greener world

    Global demand for materials has been growing over the past century, driven by a steady economic growth in OECD countries, the industrialisation of emerging economies and a growing world population. At the global level, materials use more than doubled between 1990 and 2017, and it is projected to double again by 2060. Due to the growing amounts of materials use, environmental pressures such as land degradation, greenhouse gas emissions and the dispersion of toxic substances in the environment are projected to more than double in the decades to come. In this context, improving resource efficiency and stimulating the transition towards a more circular economy has become crucial. In recent years an increasing number of governments have started implementing policies and strategies to meet this objective, but stronger efforts are needed to significantly improve the sustainability of materials management and the circularity of economies across the world.
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