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  • 16-June-2020

    English

    Decarbonising Urban Mobility with Land Use and Transport Policies - The Case of Auckland, New Zealand

    The report presents an in-depth analysis of various policies that aim to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of urban transport. Decarbonising transport lies at the core of efforts to mitigate climate change and has close links to urban sustainability and housing affordability. The report identifies the drivers of rising emissions in the urban transport sector and offers pathways to reduce them through a combination of transport and land use policies. The analysis yields a holistic welfare evaluation of these policies, assessing them according to their environmental effectiveness, their economic efficiency and their impact on fiscal balance and housing affordability. The report concludes that significant reductions in emissions from urban transport can be achieved through a careful alignment of transport policies designed to promote the use of public transit and electric vehicles, and land use policies, which foster a more compact urban form. The study is based on the case of Auckland, New Zealand but the lessons drawn are relevant for institutions and governments working on issues relating to urban sustainability, transport, housing and climate change mitigation.
  • 12-June-2020

    English

    Reporting progress towards Nationally Determined Contributions - Exploring possible common tabular formats for the structured summary

    Common Tabular Formats (CTFs) for the reporting of information necessary to track progress towards Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under Article 4 of the Paris Agreement, including on the use of cooperative approaches, are to be adopted by COP26. This paper explores concrete examples and worked examples for the structured summary of information to track progress, including on information on cooperative approaches. This paper finds that the structured summary would be more likely to meet the principles established in the Paris Agreement and related decisions, including the Modalities, Procedures and Guidelines (MPGs), if it was separated into CTFs for reporting on tracking progress indicators and a CTF for reporting on the use of cooperative approaches.
  • 12-June-2020

    English

    The Consequences of a more resource efficient and circular economy for international trade patterns - A modelling assessment

    This report investigates the effects of a resource efficiency and circular economy (RE-CE) transition on international trade flows, using the OECD’s ENV-Linkages model. A global RE-CE policy package will cause secondary materials to become cheaper, while primary materials become more expensive to produce. By 2040, primary non-ferrous metals are projected to decline by 35-50%, primary iron & steel by 15% and primary non-metallic minerals by around 10%. Regional shifts in production and trade-related effects (shifts in the regional sourcing of the primary materials by the materials processing sectors) account for roughly one-third of the total reduction in materials use. The other two thirds of materials use reduction come from scale effects (reduced economic activity) and efficiency effects (reduced materials use per unit of output of the processed commodities).
  • 12-June-2020

    English

    Aligning short-term climate action with long-term climate goals - Opportunities and options for enhancing alignment between NDCs and long-term strategies

    The Paris Agreement and its accompanying decision call for Parties to strive to formulate mid-century communicate long-term low-greenhouse gas emission development strategies (LT-LEDS) by 2020. Moreover, the Paris decision requests Parties to communicate a new or updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) by 2020. This paper finds that there is potential for these long-term strategies to guide short- and mid-term action and feed into future NDC submissions. This paper highlights that long-term strategies can substantially shape countries’ short- and mid-term priorities, policies and investment pipelines, leading to significant cost reductions in the long-term. Linking NDCs to long-term mitigation strategies will be key in ensuring efficient use of resources, particularly crucial for responding to climate change amidst and following the COVID-19 crisis.
  • 11-June-2020

    English, PDF, 6,077kb

    Green Growth Indicators in the Republic of Kazakhstan

    This report presents the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of a number of indicators of «green economy» according to the OECD methodology in accordance with the UN Sustainable Development Goals and Strategic Documents of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

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  • 11-June-2020

    English

    Greening Economies in the European Union's Eastern Neighbourhood: OECD Green Growth Indicators

    The "Greening Economies in the European Union's Eastern Neighbourhood" (EaP GREEN) programme assists six countries of the European Union Eastern Neighbourhood Partnership in progressing faster towards a green economy framework. Find out more on the OECD’s set of Green Growth Indicators for Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.

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  • 10-June-2020

    English

    EU4Environment

    The “European Union for Environment” Action aims to help six Eastern partner countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, preserve their natural capital and increase people's environmental well-being, and is structured around five topics: Greener decision-making; Circular economy and new growth opportunities; Environmental level playing field; Ecosystem services and livelihoods...

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  • 5-June-2020

    English

    Expert Consultation on transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines in Armenia

    On 5 June 2020, the UNECE and the Ministry of Environment of Armenia held a virtual consultation meeting to advance the development of the Guidelines, based on the provisions of the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention), the EU Application of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive and Armenia’s forthcoming amended law on EIA.

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  • 5-June-2020

    English

    Blog: Time for Nature: Is a global public health crisis what it takes to protect the planet’s biodiversity?

    Today is World Environment Day. As countries across the globe are still reeling from the human, social and economic cost of COVID-19, dedicating today to nature might seem ill-timed. Let me tell you – it’s not.

  • 4-June-2020

    English

    EU4Environment virtual consultation with Azerbaijan

    On 4 June 2020, the EU4Environment Implementing Partners, jointly with the Ministries of Ecology and Natural Resources and of Economy of Azerbaijan, held a virtual consultation. The objectives were to review the in-country situation in light of COVID-19; present progress with EU4Environment implementation in each EaP country; discuss plans for the rest of the year in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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