Latest Documents

  • 29-July-2020


    Nature-based solutions for adapting to water-related climate risks

    Healthy ecosystems, and their associated services, can provide effective natural protection against water-related climate risks. Nature-based solutions (NbS) have recently gained momentum in international policy discussions due to their potential to foster synergies between ecosystem health and human wellbeing, while also offering economic benefits. This paper provides an overview of the use of NbS to date in OECD countries and finds that in most cases ambition for NbS does not match practice. Focusing on the application of NbS for addressing climate-related flood and drought risks, this paper explores why prevailing decision making frameworks may fail to adequately consider NbS. It sets out a policy evaluation framework that supports the identification of, and proposed ways to address constraints on the use of NbS to address water-related climate risks.
  • 22-July-2020


    Report of an OECD Survey on Risk Management/Mitigation Approaches and Options Related to Agricultural Pesticide Use Near Residential Areas

    This report collates and analyses the responses from a 2012 survey circulated to OECD Member countries to collect information on risk management and risk mitigation approaches used and developed by governments for professional agricultural pesticide use near residential areas. The purpose of the survey was to provide an information source on the various approaches to risk mitigation related to pesticide use/application/spray drift adopted by countries (whether on a legal or voluntary basis).
  • 20-July-2020


    EU4Environment virtual consultation with Ukraine

    On 20 July 2020, the EU4Environment Implementing Partners, jointly with the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources and Ministry for Development of Economy, Trade and Agriculture of Ukraine, held a virtual consultation. The objectives were to review the in-country situation in light of COVID-19; present progress with EU4Environment implementatio and discuss plans for the rest of the year in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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  • 8-juillet-2020


    Financement climatique public et privé : Collaboratif de recherche

    Le Research Collaborative est une plateforme permettant aux instituts de recherche, bailleurs de fonds et gouvernements de partager des informations et de discuter des progrès dans la mesure du financement privé de l’action climatique, y compris les financement privés mobilisés par l’action publique. Le Research Collaborative mène à bien et coordonne des travaux afin d’explorer des sources de données et méthodologies.

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  • 7-July-2020


    Blog: COVID-19 and the looming plastics pandemic

    During the height of the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, the city was dealing with more than 240 tons of medical waste a day, a six-fold increase over the amount being treated before the outbreak. Improperly discarded single-use facemasks and gloves have already been found at beaches of remote islands and floating at sea, adding to the already chronic problem of marine plastic litter...

  • 3-juillet-2020


    Coût de l’inaction et rareté des ressources : Conséquences pour la croissance économique à long terme (CIRCLE)

    Ce projet vise à évaluer comment le changement climatique, la rareté des ressources naturelles et autres aspects négatifs impactant l’environnement sont sont susceptibles d’affecter la croissance économique dans les décennies à venir. Il s’agit d'une évaluation globale à grande échelle qui englobe les implications de plusieurs défis environnementaux sur la croissance économique.

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  • 3-July-2020


    RE-CIRCLE: resource efficiency and circular economy

    The RE-CIRCLE project provides support to a range of stakeholders in OECD member countries and emerging market economies who are aiming to in the transition to a more resource efficient circular economy. The project contributes to relevant policy debates through quantitative and qualitative analysis and policy recommendations.

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  • 2-July-2020


    Improving resource efficiency and the circularity of economies for a greener world

    Global demand for materials has been growing over the past century, driven by a steady economic growth in OECD countries, the industrialisation of emerging economies and a growing world population. At the global level, materials use more than doubled between 1990 and 2017, and it is projected to double again by 2060. Due to the growing amounts of materials use, environmental pressures such as land degradation, greenhouse gas emissions and the dispersion of toxic substances in the environment are projected to more than double in the decades to come. In this context, improving resource efficiency and stimulating the transition towards a more circular economy has become crucial. In recent years an increasing number of governments have started implementing policies and strategies to meet this objective, but stronger efforts are needed to significantly improve the sustainability of materials management and the circularity of economies across the world.
  • 1-July-2020


    Multi-dimensional Review of Viet Nam - Towards an Integrated, Transparent and Sustainable Economy

    Since the launch of the Ðổi Mới economic reforms in 1986, Viet Nam has achieved tremendous economic and social progress. Today, it is well integrated on global markets, has enjoyed robust growth, and has seen remarkable poverty reduction. With its recent successful fiscal consolidation, its attractiveness as a trading destination and rapidly growing domestic middle class, Viet Nam faces a window of opportunity for its transition to an inclusive market economy. Three guiderails should form the basis of this strategy: integration, transparency and sustainability. Better integration between state-owned enterprises, foreign investors and domestic private companies in open markets will be key to future performance gains. Partnerships between universities and enterprises would also help upgrade skills and create innovation, thereby making the integration durable. Transparency and performance of government are prerequisites for trust and a key lever to enhance efficiency and productivity in most areas of the state and the economy. A more sustainable development path will need better management of water, air and energy to address climate change. Reforms of the social security system can also ensure that no one is left behind, especially in the face of a fast ageing population.
  • 30-June-2020


    Addressing the social consequences of tariffs for water supply and sanitation

    Where they exist, tariffs for water supply and sanitation services face a tension between different policy objectives, such as ensuring the financial sustainability of service provision and ensuring access to all, including vulnerable and poor social groups. Governments (local and national) resort to a range of measures to reconcile these objectives and address social consequences of tariffs: tariff levels and structures, nudging, budgetary transfers, targeted social measures. The paper revisits most common practices and discusses their pros and cons, and requisites to make them work. It provides up-to-date analyses on a series of related issues, such as definitions of affordability, principle for cost recovery, benefits and costs of metering, elasticity of domestic water use to prices, fiscal transfers to water services. The paper is informed by recent academic research, data on selected countries, and interactions with OECD bodies.
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