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  • 7-April-2020

    English

    The water challenge

    The Sustainable Development Goals highlight the importance that the global community places on water and there is increasing demand for innovative and effective approaches to water management. The OECD provides policy guidance on water to OECD members and non-OECD countries, covering a wide range of issues. Find our more on the OECD work on water.

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  • 7-avril-2020

    Français

    Tendances de l'innovation technologique dans le domaine de l'eau: enseignements tirés des données sur les brevets - Document de travail

    L'innovation a un rôle à jouer pour atténuer les risques liés à l'eau et soutenir la fourniture de services d'eau dont dépendent notre bien-être et notre développement durable. Ce document utilise des données sur les brevets pour documenter les tendances de l'invention de technologies pour promouvoir la sécurité de l'eau depuis 1990, en se concentrant sur les pays dans lesquels les inventions sont développées.

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  • 7-April-2020

    English

    Trends in water-related technological innovation - Insights from patent data

    Innovation has a role to play to mitigate water-related risks and to support the provision of water services on which our well-being and sustainable development depend. Water-related innovation originate in a wide range of countries, with different levels of ambition. They disseminate at different scales globally. This paper uses patent data to document trends in the invention of technologies to promote water security since 1990, focusing on the countries in which inventions are developed, where they might be commercialised, and in which subsectors they originate. The water-related technologies identified in the paper can be clustered into three categories: i) water pollution abatement; ii) demand-side; and iii) supply-side. The paper describes a number of important trends that can inform a broader discussion on the factors that might hinder, or enhance, inventive activity to promote water security.
  • 2-April-2020

    English

    Long-term low emissions development strategies: Cross-country experience - Environment Working Paper

    The Paris Agreement invites signatory countries to formulate and communicate long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies (LT-LEDS). This report compares the experience of three developed countries that have communicated LT-LEDS within the framework of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change: France (Stratégie National Bas-Carbone), Germany (Klimaschutzplan 2050) and the United Kingdom (Clean Growth Strategy).

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  • 2-April-2020

    English

    Long-term low emissions development strategies - Cross-country experience

    The Paris Agreement invites signatory countries to formulate and communicate long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies (LT-LEDS). This report compares the experience of three developed countries that have communicated LT-LEDS within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC): France (Stratégie National Bas-Carbone), Germany (Klimaschutzplan 2050) and the United Kingdom (Clean Growth Strategy). The report analyses the three stages of the LT-LEDS process in detail: a) the institutional and technical process to create the LT-LEDS; b) the document strategy resulting from the process; and c) the design of specific mechanisms to facilitate implementation of the LT-LEDS. While LT-LEDS will reflect countries own 'common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances', it is hoped that the lessons and messages included in this report can be useful to other developed and developing countries interested in creating and implementing LT-LEDS.
  • 24-mars-2020

    Français

    Accélérer l’action pour le climat - Remettre le bien-être des personnes au centre des politiques publiques

    Dans ce rapport, nous nous appuyons sur le cadre du bien-être de l’OCDE pour adopter une nouvelle approche qui consiste à analyser les synergies et les divergences entre la lutte contre le changement climatique et des objectifs plus généraux comme la santé, l’éducation et l’emploi, de même que la qualité de l’environnement plus généralement et la préservation des ressources nécessaires à notre subsistance. Il étudie sous l’angle de l’économie politique les transitions nécessaires vers un avenir bas carbone au sein de cinq secteurs économiques aujourd’hui responsables de plus de 60% des émissions mondiales de gaz à effet de serre (électricité, industrie lourde, logements, transports terrestres et agriculture). Il existe des synergies entre la réduction des émissions et des objectifs plus généraux de bien-être, comme la diminution de la pollution de l’air et l’amélioration de la santé, qui renforcent l’incitation à agir en faveur du climat sans attendre. Cependant, il faut également tenir compte de l’impact potentiellement négatif des politiques climatiques, notamment sur le poids des dépenses d’énergie pour les ménages et l’emploi afin de contrer la montée des inégalités économiques et sociales au sein des pays et entre ces derniers. Le rapport explique pourquoi il est nécessaire de remettre le bien-être au centre des politiques climatiques pour rendre visibles les synergies et les divergences entre les différents objectifs sociaux, afin de permettre aux décideurs de renforcer les premières et d’anticiper, de gérer et d’atténuer les secondes. Pour cela, il s’agit de repenser nos objectifs sociaux sous l’angle du bien-être, de reconsidérer la façon de mesurer les progrès et de recentrer l’élaboration des politiques en conséquence. La publication complète paraîtra en 2020.
  • 17-March-2020

    English

    Exploring options to measure the climate consistency of real economy investments: The manufacturing industries of Norway - Environment Working Paper

    This paper presents results from a first pilot study to measure the consistency of real economy investments with climate change mitigation objectives. The analysis focuses on investments in infrastructure and equipment in the manufacturing industries in Norway between 2010 and 2017, estimated at USD 2.5 billion per year on average.

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  • 17-March-2020

    English

    Exploring options to measure the climate consistency of real economy investments - The manufacturing industries of Norway

    This paper presents results from a first pilot study to measure the consistency of real economy investments with climate change mitigation objectives. The analysis focuses on investments in infrastructure and equipment in the manufacturing industries in Norway between 2010 and 2017, estimated at USD 2.5 billion per year on average. The consistency or inconsistency of these investments is then measured at subsector level based on two readily available reference points: the European Union Taxonomy for Sustainable Activities, and a 2°C scenario for the Nordic region from the International Energy Agency. The analysis further identifies sources of financing in these subsectors and discusses future investment and financing challenges, in light of more ambitious forward-looking decarbonisation targets and needs. Finally, the study draws methodological conclusions and calls for further pilot studies in order to improve and scale up such analysis at international level, including in terms of using different or complementary reference points specifically aligned to the temperature goal of the Paris Agreement.
  • 16-March-2020

    English

    Gender and environmental statistics

    There is growing recognition of the need for a gender lens to understand the impact of environmental factors on well-being.

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