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Synergies for Better Learning: An International Perspective on Evaluation and Assessment


Main conclusionsMultilingual summaries | Table of contents | Synthesis tables | Websites | How to obtain this publication


ISBN: 9789264190641

Published: 11/04/2013

Pages: 670


How can assessment and evaluation policies work together more effectively to improve student outcomes in primary and secondary schools? Countries increasingly use a range of techniques for student assessment, teacher appraisal, school evaluation, school leader appraisal and education system evaluation. However, they often face difficulties in implementing evaluation and assessment policies. This may arise as a result of poor policy design, lack of analysis of unintended consequences, little capacity for school agents to put evaluation procedures into practice, lack of an evaluation culture, or deficient use of evaluation results.

This report provides an international comparative analysis and policy advice to countries on how evaluation and assessment arrangements can be embedded within a consistent framework to improve the quality, equity and efficiency of school education. It builds upon a major 3-year review of evaluation and assessment policies in 28 countries, the OECD Review on Evaluation and Assessment Frameworks for Improving School Outcomes. As well as analysing strengths and weaknesses of different approaches, the report provides recommendations for improvement including how results should be incorporated into policy and practice.


Main conclusions

Multilingual summaries

A summary of the report is available in the following languages:

Chinese / 中文   -   Czech / Česky   -   Danish / Dansk   -   Dutch / Nederlands   -   Estonian / Eesti  

Finnish / Suomi   -   German / Deutsch   -   Greek / ελληνικά   -   Hebrew / עברית   -   Hungarian / Magyar  

Icelandic / Íslenska    -    Italian / Italiano    -    Japanese / 日本語    -    Korean / 한국어

Norwegian / Norsk  -  Polish / Język polski  -  Portuguese / Português  -  Russian / Pусский язык

Slovak / Slovenčina   -   Spanish / Español   -   Swedish / Svenska   -   Turkish / Türkçe


[view full table of contents]

  • Chapter 1. The focus on evaluation and assessment
  • Chapter 2. Trends in evaluation and assessment
  • Chapter 3. The evaluation and assessment framework: Embracing a holistic approach
  • Chapter 4. Student assessment: Putting the learner at the centre
  • Chapter 5. Teacher appraisal: Enhancing teacher professionalism
  • Chapter 6. School evaluation: From compliancy to quality
  • Chapter 7. The appraisal of school leaders: Fostering pedagogical leadership in schools
  • Chapter 8. Education system evaluation: Informing policies for system improvement

Synthesis tables

Features of student assessment frameworks (xls)

  • Internal summative assessment frameworks
  • Student formative assessment frameworks      
  • Reporting of summative results
  • Standardised central examinations 
  • Standardised central assessments

Features of teacher appraisal frameworks (xls)

  • Teacher appraisal for performance management  
  • Teacher appraisal for completion of probation 
  • Teacher appraisal for rewards
  • Employment status and career development of teachers

Features of school leader appraisal frameworks (xls)

  • School leadership appraisal practices 
  • Employment status and career development of school leaders        

How to obtain this publication

Readers can access the full version of Synergies for Better Learning: An International Perspective on Evaluation and Assessment choosing from the following options:

  • Subscribers and readers at subscribing institutions can access the online edition via iLibrary.
  • Non-subscribers are able to read the book on line for free or purchase a paper copy via our Online Bookshop.
  • Order from your local distributor
  • Government officials with accounts () can go to the "Books" tab on OLIS.

Websites/social media

OECD Review on Evaluation and Assessment Frameworks for Improving School Outcomes

Follow the release at the International Conference in Oslo on twitter @OECD_Edu  #betterlearning

Read the blogpost Evaluation and assessment is for everyone on OECD's educationtoday


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