Programme international pour le suivi des acquis des élèves (PISA)

Public and Private Schools: How management and funding relate to their socio-economic profile


Table of contentsTables and figuresHow to obtain this publicationRelated documents 




ISBN 978-92-64-17491-7

Pages: 102
Publication: 12/04/2012

Language: English






Public and Private Schools: How management and funding relate to their socio-economic profile


In most PISA-participating countries and economies, the average socio-economic background of students who attend privately managed schools is more advantaged than that of those who attend public schools. Yet in some countries, there is little difference in the socio-economic profiles between public and private schools. Why? An analysis of PISA results finds that while the prevalence of privately managed schools in a country is not related to socio-economic stratification within a school system, the level of public funding to privately managed schools is: the higher the proportion of public funding allocated to privately managed schools, the smaller the socio-economic divide between publicly and privately managed schools.


This report also shows that those countries with narrow socio-economic stratification in their education systems
not only maximise equity and social cohesion, but also perform well in the PISA survey.



Table of contents

  • Chapter 1. Management and Funding
  • Chapter 2. Aspects of Socio-economic Stratification
  • Chapter 3. School Vouchers and Stratification
  • Chapter 4. Other School Characteristics Related to Stratification

Tables and figures

  • Tables (Excel file 1 MB)
  • Figures (Excel file 900KB)



How to obtain this publication

  • Subscribers and readers at subscribing institutions can access the online editions via the OECD's ilibrary.
  • Non-subscribers can download the PDF e-book and can purchase the paper copies via our Online Bookshop.
  • Order from your local distributor.
  • Government officials with accounts (subscribe) can go to the "Books" tab on OLIS.

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