Results-based decision making



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Development co-operation contributes to tangible and sustainable improvements in the lives of beneficiaries in partner countries. Generating and using evidence of the results of development co-operation is essential.  DAC members and their partners pursue the sustainable development goals (SDGs) and other objectives of their development policies. They need results information to ensure that the decisions they take today will deliver results to fulfil the goals they have set. 

Managing for development results remains a priority of providers and partner countries. Results information is now widely used for accountability and communication.  However, there are challenges in more purposeful use of results information for direction, including strategic policy making, and learning, including quality assurance.

The principles of effective development co-operation emphasize ownership by developing countries and the use of their results frameworks in development co-operation. Today, however, the results frameworks of individual providers are often built around their own goals and priorities. Aligning with the results frameworks of partners requires country insights, knowledge of good practice and willingness to be held accountable for results.

The universality of the SDGs enhances the potential for mutual accountability in development co-operation. DAC members are working to integrate the SDGs into their individual development co-operation objectives, and to support their partners to deliver and demonstrate results against this comprehensive and demanding framework. 

Development co-operation needs to move up the results chain towards impact; to strengthen its results frameworks, and to give substance to the results dialogue about real, tangible change on the ground. By sharing knowledge and expertise, OECD, its members and partners can maximise their contribution to progressing the results agenda. 

Results-based decision making leads to effective development co-operation by:

  • supporting development dialogues on outcomes and impact – going above and beyond the recording of outputs
  • informing constituencies to build support for development co-operation and for what it can achieve, above and beyond moral obligations
  • improving the overall effectiveness of development co-operation in delivering results towards the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

 The DAC/DCD programme of work on development results supports this learning process by delivering:

  • workshops and online resources for a vibrant results community which learns collectively
  • peer learning products on effective results frameworks for development co-operation
  • guidelines and data for results-based decision making
  • expertise in capacity-building at the country level for mutual accountability through results.


DAC Member Profiles


A first assessment of results management and measurement in development agencies is available in chapter 6 of the Peer Reviews of DAC members


Results Workshops

Mutual Accountability through Results Workshop - Brussels, Belgium - 9-10 February 2017 

Key Messages from the Mutual Accountability through Results Workshop

Mutual Accountability through Results:Supporting partner countries’ development goals and results frameworks - Workshop Agenda, co-hosted by the OECD and the European Commission.

Development co-operation results under the 2030 Agenda: Challenges and opportunities in results monitoring - Workshop paper that includes options and suggested steps for further work on development results.

GPEDC findings on results and accountability - Summary prepared for the workshop on the results-related analyses for and commitments of the 2nd High-level Meeting on Effective Development Co-operation.

Providers’ approaches to results-based management - Update of ongoing case-studies of seven development co-operation providers.

Past Workshops

Effective Results Frameworks – Drivers and Users of Results Information – Key messages from a workshop held at the OECD on 13-14 September 2016.

Results in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: An SDG-based results Approach to the Development Co-operation - Key messages from a workshop held at OECD on 3-4 February 2016.

Making the most of the pressure for accountability - Report on a seminar organised jointly by OECD and the French Agency for Development (AFD) 4-5 June 2015. 

Technical workshop on results-based funding – Key messages from a workshop held at OECD on 19-20 May 2014.

Workshop on the Results Agenda – Key messages from a workshop held at the OECD on 29-30 October 2013.


 Resources for Measuring and Managing Results


Development co-operation under the 2030 Agenda: results and relevance, OECD (September 2016)

Providers use of results information for accountability, communication, direction and learning, OECD (August 2016)

DAC Results Programme of Work - Update, OECD (June 2016)

The value-added of an SDG-based results approach to development co-operation - presentation, OECD (February 2016)

Measuring progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals: the OECD Contribution - presentation, OECD (February 2016)

An SDG-based results framework for development co-operation - draft note, OECD (January 2016), Presentation (February 2016)

OECD DAC Programme of Work to Strengthen Development Results

Measuring and managing results in development co-operation - A review of challenges and practices among DAC members, OECD, (2014) - Also available in French (pdf), Presentation

Deleted from Peer reviews, OECD (2013)

Managing and Measuring for Results - Survey Highlights, OECD (2013)


Partner Results


Results Data Initiative, Development Gateway, 2016

Building Effective Governments: Achievements and Challenges for Results-Based Public Management in Latin America and the Caribbean, IDB (2015)

The Status of Managing for Development Results in the COMESA Region, African Community of Practice on Managing for Development Results (2015)

A Report on the AfCOP Regional COMESA Meeting: Regional Integration Results – Its Everybody’s BusinessZambia, AfCOP (2013)

Framework for Results-Based Public Sector Management and Country CasesAsia-Pacific Community of Practice on Managing for Development Results (2011)




Designing a Results Framework for Achieving Results: A How to GuideWorld Bank IEG (2012)


 International Support for Results 


Fourth High Level forum on aid effectiveness, Busan, Busan partnership for effective development co-operation (2011)

The Evaluation of the Paris Declaration – Phase 2 – Policy brief 2 : Aid reforms and better development resultsIOD PARC (2011)


 Reviews, Evaluation and Studies on Results 


Towards an alternative development management paradigm?, EBA (2016)

Behind the Mirror: a report on the self-evaluation systems of the World Bank Group, IEG (2016)

DFID’s approach to Delivering Impact, ICAI (2015)

Boosting or hindering aid effectiveness: an assessment of systems for measuring agency results, DIE, Holzapfel (2014)

The role of indicators in development cooperation: an overview study with a special focus on the use of key and standard indicators, DIE, Holzapfel (2014)

Implementing a Results-Based Approach to Strengthen IDA Support for Fragile StatesCenter for Global Development (2013)

Uncovering the Politics of Evidence and Results – A Framing Paper for Development Practitioners, Eyben (2013)

Cash on Delivery Aid: Implementation of a Pilot in EthiopiaCenter for Global Development (2012) 

Results-Based Aid (RBA), New aid approaches, limitations and the application to promote good governance, DIE, Klingebiel (2012) 

Hitting the target? Evaluating the effectiveness of results-based approaches to aid, EURODAD, Pereira and Villota (2012)


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