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  • 29-March-2021

    English

    Production Transformation Policy Review of Shenzhen, China - A Journey of Continuous Learning

    Shenzhen is a stellar case of growth and economic transformation. Since its establishment as one of China’s first four Special Economic Zones in 1980, it has evolved at breakneck speed. Shenzhen transformed from a fishing village to a major world trade hub and is now home to global innovators in electronics. The Production Transformation Policy Review (PTPR) of Shenzhen, China reviews the city’s changing policy approaches, focusing on the shift from an assembly to a manufacturing centre and more recently to an innovation and start-up hub. Through a comprehensive assessment of Shenzhen’s experience, this review offers insights into the range of policies and strategies employed to stimulate industrial upgrading and learning in China. It provides lessons and actionable policy recommendations for the growth of cities and emerging economies in their catching-up journey. The PTPR of Shenzhen, China has been carried out in the framework of the OECD Initiative for Policy Dialogue on Global Value Chains, Production Transformation and Development and has benefitted from government-business dialogues and international peer learning (University of Seoul, Korea; University of Georgetown, USA and Digital India Foundation, India).
  • 25-March-2021

    English

    How Was Life? Volume II - New Perspectives on Well-being and Global Inequality since 1820

    How was life in 1820, and how has it changed since then? This question, which was at the core of How Was Life? Global Well-being since 1820, published by the OECD in 2014, is addressed by this second volume based on a broader perspective. How Was Life? New Perspectives on Well-being and Global Inequality since 1820, presents new estimates of working hours, biodiversity loss, social spending and GDP (accounting for the 2011 round on purchasing power parities) as well as measures of inequalities in wealth, longevity and educational attainment, gender disparities and extreme poverty. A final chapter synthesises the historical evidence included both in the current and previous volume of How Was Life? through composite measures of the average well-being performance of each country, and of different within-country inequality measures. As was the case for the previous volume, this book combines both a historical and a global perspective, presenting estimates since 1820 for 25 major countries and 8 world regions. While this evidence sometimes relies on partial and limited evidence, each chapter in this book assesses the quality of the data used and identifies areas for further historical research. This second volume of How Was Life? is the product of collaboration between the OECD and the OECD Development Centre, on one side, and a group of economic historians gathered around the CLIO-INFRA and Maddison projects, on the other. The historical evidence included in the report is organised around dimensions of well-being that mirror those used by the OECD in its report How’s Life?
  • 12-March-2021

    English

    Man Enough? Measuring Masculine Norms to Promote Women’s Empowerment

    Masculinities can either support or hinder women’s empowerment and greater gender equality. However, a lack of consistent and comparable data hinders efforts to understand and assess harmful, restrictive masculinities. This report identifies and describes ten norms of restrictive masculinities to be urgently addressed within the political, economic and private spheres. Alongside these norms the report highlights gender-equitable alternatives, which support women’s empowerment in practice. By mapping available and ideal indicators, the report provides a roadmap for efforts to measure changing norms of masculinities. In doing so, this report aims to support policies to transform masculinities by facilitating the creation of more and better data on masculine norms.
  • 1-mars-2021

    Français

    DevTalks - Économie et féminisme : une perspective transatlantique

    Comment des outils théoriques comme « l'économie féministe » peuvent-ils contribuer à une reprise qui bénéficie aux femmes et aux filles, tout en tenant compte de l'intersectionnalité entre couleur de peau, sexe et classe sociale ? La discussion s'appuiera sur différentes approches aux États-Unis, au Brésil, en Argentine et en France.

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  • 1-mars-2021

    Français

    DevTalks - Femmes et conflits en Afrique de l’Ouest

    Les conflits sont devenus plus violents et plus répandus en Afrique de l'Ouest avec un nombre croissant de victimes civiles, en particulier au Sahel central et au Nigéria. Les femmes paient un lourd tribut. En temps de crise, les inégalités entre les sexes sont exacerbées. Les femmes et les filles sont confrontées à des risques accrus de violence et l'accès aux services essentiels est extrêmement limité.

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  • 23-February-2021

    English

    DevTalks - Beyond Petrostates: The burning need to cut oil dependence in the energy transition

    This Dev Talk provides an opportunity to discuss the implications of the report’s scenarios for oil and gas-producing countries and how emerging countries can prepare for a structural oil-price decline and the fiscal vulnerabilities that may follow

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  • 19-February-2021

    English

    DevTalks - Mechanisms of change: putting metrics into action

    How can we strengthen the use of shared development metrics to inform national policy and promote more impactful international co-operation? For example, to meet global climate objectives? The aim of this Dev Talk is to explore achievements and remaining challenges in creating mechanisms to transform development paths.

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  • 12-février-2021

    Français

    DevTalks - Une décennie dans le rétroviseur : quelles perspectives pour les multinationales des marchés émergents

    Au cours des dernières décennies, le centre de gravité économique du monde s'est déplacé vers l'Est. Selon des calculs récents, sa position virtuelle, qui se trouvait dans l'océan Atlantique au début des années 2000, devrait se situer d'ici 2030 quelque part entre la Chine, l'Inde et le Pakistan. Quel rôle les multinationales des marchés émergents ont-elles joué dans cette recomposition des espaces de production et de consommation ?

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  • 4-février-2021

    Français

  • 4-February-2021

    English

    Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India - Volume 2021 Issue 1

    The Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India is a regular publication on regional economic growth, development and regional integration in Emerging Asia. It focuses on the economic conditions of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. It also addresses relevant economic issues in China and India to fully reflect economic developments in the region. The Outlook comprises two main parts, each highlighting a particular dimension of recent economic developments in the region. The first part presents the regional economic monitor, depicting the economic outlook and macroeconomic challenges in the region. The second part consists of a special thematic chapter addressing a major issue facing the region. The 2021 edition of the Outlook addresses reallocation of resources to digitalisation in response to COVID-19, with special focuses on health, education and Industry 4.0. During the COVID-19 crisis, digitalisation has proved critical to ensuring the continuity of essential services. The use of e-commerce, digital health tools and on-line education all accelerated sharply during the pandemic in Emerging Asia. However, there is still a lot of work to be done, for the region to be able to get the full benefits of digitalisation.
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