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  • 21-December-2018

    English

    OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Portugal - Volume II - Self-Regulated Professions

    Portugal’s services markets are among the most heavily regulated in the OECD. As vital inputs into the business sector, services provided by professionals, such as lawyers and engineers, generate up to 1.8 times their value in outputs by firms that use them. However, structural flaws in the regulation make professional services highly expensive for firms, diminishing their ability to compete effectively. Regulatory restrictions also hamper innovation and efficiency within the professions. Against this backdrop, this report examines regulations for 13 self-regulated professions (lawyers, solicitors, notaries, bailiffs, architects, engineers, technical engineers, certified accountants, auditors, economists, customs brokers, nutritionists and pharmacists). From 923 pieces of legislation analysed, the report makes 348 individual recommendations for amending or removing provisions to improve competition, and makes a detailed inventory of the analysis underlying the work. Analysis of Portuguese legislation and professions was complemented by research into international experiences and wide consultations with stakeholders from the public and private sectors. The OECD recommendations aim to remove or modify overly restrictive provisions in order to facilitate the access or exercise of the professions, to benefit businesses and consumers alike. This report identifies the sources of those benefits and gives estimates of their impact. Provided all recommendations are fully implemented, the benefit to the economy from lifting the barriers in the 13 liberal professions is estimated at around EUR 130 million a year.
  • 21-December-2018

    English

    OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Portugal - Volume I - Inland and Maritime Transports and Ports

    Portugal’s services markets remain among the most heavily regulated in the OECD. Inland and maritime transports in Portugal are a vital part of the business environment, ensuring the movement of goods and passengers and inputs for the business sector. Regulatory restrictions limit the ability of firms to effectively compete in the markets, whether as providers or customers, while hampering innovation, efficiency and productivity. Against this backdrop, this report analyses Portuguese regulations for road, railway and maritime transport, and many ancillary services (such as vehicle inspection centres), as well as Portugal’s ports. The report examines 1 064 pieces of legislation and makes 417 individual recommendations for amending or removing restrictive provisions to improve competition, and makes a detailed inventory of the analysis underlying the work. Analysis of Portuguese legislation was complemented by research into international experiences and wide consultations with public and private sector stakeholders. The OECD recommendations aim to remove or modify the provisions to benefit businesses and consumers alike. This report identifies the sources of those benefits and gives estimates of their impact. Provided all recommendations are fully implemented, the benefit to the economy from lifting the barriers in the land and maritime transport sectors is estimated to be around EUR 250 million a year.
  • 6-December-2018

    English

    OECD-BWB Workshop on Complex Cartel Case Management

    Vienna, 6-7 December 2018: An OECD Workshop for Competition Officials in co-operation with the Austrian competition authority, BWB, was held on "Complex Cartel Case Management". Read more about the workshop.

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  • 30-novembre-2018

    Français

    Avantages et défis des accords de coopération régionale en matière de concurrence

    En novembre 2018, le Forum Mondial sur la Concurrence explorera les avantages, les obstacles et les défis potentiels des accords de coopération régionale en matière de concurrence. Plus d'informations sur cette session.

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  • 30-novembre-2018

    Français

    Droit de la concurrence et les entreprises publiques

    En novembre 2018, le Forum mondial sur la concurrence a examiné les enquêtes sur les pratiques anticoncurrentielles, les fusions et les accords conclus par les entreprises publiques, à la fois celles qui sont détenues ou contrôlées par le propre gouvernement d'une autorité de concurrence et celles appartenant à d'autres gouvernements ou contrôlées par eux.

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  • 29-November-2018

    English

    OECD Global Forum on Competition

    Paris, 29-30 November 2018: The 2018 Global Forum will focus on: competition and fairer societies; gender; regional competition agreements; investigative powers; and state-owned enterprises.

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  • 28-November-2018

    English

    Excessive Pricing in Pharmaceuticals

    A number of competition enforcement actions against excessive pricing have taken place in the pharmaceutical sector, despite competition authorities usually being reluctant to intervene directly against high prices. In November 2018, the OECD held a discussion on the intersection of competition concerns with excessive prices and the interaction between competition and regulated sectors such as pharma.

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  • 28-November-2018

    English

    Personalised Pricing in the Digital Era

    As data analytics and pricing algorithms become common business practice in the digital era, there are growing concerns about the possibility that companies use such tools to engage in personalised pricing. In November 2018, the OECD Consumer Protection and Competition committees jointly discussed challenges associated with the ambiguous and multi-dimensional effects of personalised pricing among other issues.

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  • 28-November-2018

    English

    Quality considerations in the zero-price economy

    Zero-price products are not a new concept and over the course of a single day, most consumers will come into contact with at least one product that is offered to them at a price of zero. In the digital economy, however, new zero-price markets have arisen. In November 2018 the OECD held a discussion to study their own unique characteristics and challenges they may impose. This page contains all related materials.

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  • 27-November-2018

    English

    Gun jumping and suspensory effects of merger notifications

    Gun jumping has received a lot of attention recently, as a perception has arisen that competition authorities are devoting more enforcement resources to these violations, and that the amounts of monetary fines for such infringements are increasing. In November 2018, the OECD held a roundtable to discuss recent developments in the enforcement practice, and contrast them with business needs in various stages before closing a merger.

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