Fostering Competition in ASEAN




The OECD is providing support in the Implementation of the ASEAN Competition Action Plan

Alongside other organisations and countries, the OECD has been asked to share its expertise with ASEAN Member States (AMS), given its unmatched experience in competition policy, competition enforcement and capacity building. Further, the OECD has in-depth knowledge of competition laws and policies in all AMS.

Working in close co-operation with the AMS, the ASEAN Secretariat (ASEC) and the ASEAN Experts Group on Competition (AEGC), the OECD is ready to support the implementation of the ASEAN Competition Action Plan (ACAP) 2016-2025 and contribute to the ASEC’s mission to attain a level playing field for all firms through effective competition policy. 

For queries about the project, please contact:


ASEAN Work Streams


Achieving more pro-competitive regulation in ASEAN


Towards a level playing field between state-owned enterprises and private entities in ASEAN


Competition Primers for ASEAN Judges


OECD Peer Reviews of Competition Law and Policy: Viet Nam 2018


The Essential Role of Competition Policy in ASEAN

The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) is one of the three pillars of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Its main purpose is to transform ASEAN into a single market and production base. It aims to create a highly competitive economic region with equitable economic development, providing members with an open and integrated market where there is increased product choice and competitive pricing.

For this purpose, the AEC expressly acknowledges that operational and effective competition rules are necessary for ASEAN to be a competitive region with well-functioning markets. It has therefore developed the ACAP with several goals and initiatives to cement competition policy as an integral economic policy. Its fundamental goal is to provide a level playing field for all firms regardless of their ownership, to facilitate liberalisation and to create a unified market as well as to support the formation of a more competitive and innovative region.


Background and General Framework of the Work in ASEAN

ASEAN’s competition work has reached a key transitional moment, with nine out of ten of its members having competition laws in force and with the effective enforcement of those competition laws and policies being now essential in the decade to come.

Competition policy constitutes an important part of the ASEAN Vision 2020 for regional economic integration. The AMSs have thus agreed to implement significant reforms towards market liberalisation and the elimination of competition distortions as part of the ACAP 2016-2025. This provides strategic goals, initiatives and outcomes to fulfil the competition-related vision of the ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint 2025 and to improve the competition policy and culture of ASEAN. Furthermore, cooperation and discussion amongst competition agencies are facilitated through workshops, training and seminars organised by the AEGC. These capacity-building activities focus on institutional building, law enforcement and advocacy.


The Benefits of Competition

The general benefits of a well-functioning competition regime are well known, empirically demonstrated and widely accepted. Competition indeed drives economic growth and efficiency as it increases productivity, rewards innovation thus helping to bring new and better products, promotes consumer welfare and creates a better environment for investment and trade. Moreover, competition policy ensures that the benefits of trade and investment liberalisation are not compromised by anti-competitive practices.

Competition policy can significantly contribute to continued and sustained growth across ASEAN, at a time when AMSs are strengthening their collaboration as part of the AEC.


ACAP 2016-2025

The ACAP 2016-2025 contains five strategic goals to allow ASEAN to work towards the overarching vision of a competitive, innovative and dynamic ASEAN with effective and enforceable competition policies and laws:


Effective competition regimes are established in all AMS


The capacities of competition-related agencies in AMS are strengthened to effectively implement national competition laws

3 Regional co-operation arrangements on competition law and policy are in place
4 Fostering a competition-aware ASEAN region
5 Moving towards greater harmonisation of competition policy and law in ASEAN



» Fostering Competition in ASEAN




Competition Law in Asia-Pacific: A Guide to Selected Jurisdictions

Other work on Asia

OECD Competition and Macroeconomic outcomes 

ASEAN Competition Action Plan (2016-2025)

ASEAN Experts Group on Competition (AEGC)

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

OECD Competition 


 » Competition Home Page


Abuse of dominance & monopolisation

Cartels & anti-competitive agreements

Digital Economy and innovation

Enforcement practices

Evaluation of competition interventions 

International co-operation

Liberalisation & intervention in regulated sectors

Market studies


Pro-competitive policy reforms  

Key materials, Tools & Guidance

Best practice roundtables

Calendar of activities

Competition assessment toolkit

Country reports & peer reviews

Fighting bid rigging in public procurement 


Reports by the Competition Committee

Reports by competition agencies

Global Relations

About global relations

Hungary centre

Korea centre

Global Forum on Competition

Latin American and Caribbean Competition Forum



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