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  • 19-August-2020

    English

    Electrifying Postal Delivery Vehicles in Korea

    This report evaluates the costs and benefits of replacing postal delivery motorcycles with electric vehicles in eight Korean cities. It compares operating costs, safety performance, and environmental impacts based on data collected from a field trial with both vehicle types. In addition to the economic analysis, qualitative aspects are also discussed based on the findings of a focus group study. The results from the pilot programme provide an evidence base for policy initiatives in the delivery sector in Korea and beyond.
  • 1-July-2020

    English

    Multi-dimensional Review of Viet Nam - Towards an Integrated, Transparent and Sustainable Economy

    Since the launch of the Ðổi Mới economic reforms in 1986, Viet Nam has achieved tremendous economic and social progress. Today, it is well integrated on global markets, has enjoyed robust growth, and has seen remarkable poverty reduction. With its recent successful fiscal consolidation, its attractiveness as a trading destination and rapidly growing domestic middle class, Viet Nam faces a window of opportunity for its transition to an inclusive market economy. Three guiderails should form the basis of this strategy: integration, transparency and sustainability. Better integration between state-owned enterprises, foreign investors and domestic private companies in open markets will be key to future performance gains. Partnerships between universities and enterprises would also help upgrade skills and create innovation, thereby making the integration durable. Transparency and performance of government are prerequisites for trust and a key lever to enhance efficiency and productivity in most areas of the state and the economy. A more sustainable development path will need better management of water, air and energy to address climate change. Reforms of the social security system can also ensure that no one is left behind, especially in the face of a fast ageing population.
  • 25-June-2020

    English

    The Role of Sovereign and Strategic Investment Funds in the Low-carbon Transition

    Sovereign wealth funds manage a large share of the world’s invested capital. The action or inaction of these funds on climate finance is of crucial importance to the world’s ability to reach the goals of the Paris Agreement, and restrain global warming to below 2 degrees Celsius. However, sovereign wealth funds have so far played a very limited role in climate finance. This report provides guidance on how governments can support their sovereign wealth funds in becoming climate-aligned commercial investors. The establishment of synergies between sovereign wealth funds and strategic investment funds can help scale up investments in clean-energy infrastructure.
  • 16-June-2020

    English

    Decarbonising Urban Mobility with Land Use and Transport Policies - The Case of Auckland, New Zealand

    The report presents an in-depth analysis of various policies that aim to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of urban transport. Decarbonising transport lies at the core of efforts to mitigate climate change and has close links to urban sustainability and housing affordability. The report identifies the drivers of rising emissions in the urban transport sector and offers pathways to reduce them through a combination of transport and land use policies. The analysis yields a holistic welfare evaluation of these policies, assessing them according to their environmental effectiveness, their economic efficiency and their impact on fiscal balance and housing affordability. The report concludes that significant reductions in emissions from urban transport can be achieved through a careful alignment of transport policies designed to promote the use of public transit and electric vehicles, and land use policies, which foster a more compact urban form. The study is based on the case of Auckland, New Zealand but the lessons drawn are relevant for institutions and governments working on issues relating to urban sustainability, transport, housing and climate change mitigation.
  • 12-juin-2020

    Français

    Comment va la vie ? 2020 - Mesurer le bien-être

    Comment va la vie ? indique si les conditions d'existence s'améliorent pour les habitants de 37 pays de l'OCDE et de 4 pays partenaires. Cette cinquième édition présente les derniers enseignements tirés d'un ensemble actualisé de plus de 80 indicateurs, couvrant le bien‑être actuel, les inégalités et les ressources nécessaires au bien‑être futur. Depuis 2010, le bien‑être des individus s'est renforcé à de nombreux égards, mais les progrès accomplis ont été lents ou la situation s'est dégradée dans d'autres dimensions, notamment concernant les liens entre individus et leurs relations avec les pouvoirs publics. D'amples écarts perdurent en fonction du sexe, de l'âge et du niveau d'éducation dans la plupart des dimensions du bien‑être. Globalement, les pays de l'OCDE où le niveau moyen de bien‑être est le plus élevé se caractérisent aussi par une plus grande égalité entre groupes de population et un nombre plus limité de personnes en situation de privation. Nombre de pays de l'OCDE où les niveaux de bien‑être étaient les moins élevés en 2010 figurent parmi ceux où ils ont le plus progressé depuis lors. Néanmoins, les améliorations du bien‑être actuel ne sont pas toujours allées de pair avec des progrès concernant les ressources nécessaires à la préservation du bien‑être dans le temps, des signes alarmants se faisant jour pour le capital naturel, humain, économique et social. Au‑delà d'une analyse globale de l'évolution du bien‑être depuis 2010, ce rapport offre une analyse approfondie des 15 dimensions de l'Initiative du Vivre mieux de l'OCDE, notamment de l'état de santé des individus, de leur bien‑être subjectif, de leurs liens sociaux et du capital naturel, entre autres, et présente les résultats de chaque nation dans des profils par pays.
  • 5-juin-2020

    Français

    Selon l’OCDE et l’AIE, les gouvernements devraient profiter des actions de relance post‑COVID‑19 pour éliminer le soutien aux énergies fossiles

    Au moment où, face à la crise du COVID‑19, les gouvernements sont en train de concevoir des mesures de relance de l’économie, ils devraient profiter du niveau exceptionnellement bas des prix du pétrole pour réorienter une partie des 500 milliards USD dépensés chaque année afin de soutenir les énergies fossiles, vers des investissements durables, y compris dans les énergies bas carbone, estiment l’OCDE et l’AIE.

    Documents connexes
  • 27-May-2020

    English

    Financing Water Supply, Sanitation and Flood Protection - Challenges in EU Member States and Policy Options

    The OECD and the Directorate-General for Environment, the European Commission department responsible for EU policy on the environment, joined forces to examine current and future water-related financing challenges faced by EU member states. These include investments needed to comply with EU regulation for water supply, wastewater collection and treatment, and flood protection. As part of the research, new data was produced on current levels of expenditure for water supply, sanitation and flood protection, as well as on projected needs. It supported a comparison across member states and substantiated tailored policy discussions in selected countries and at European level. This report captures the rationale for the research, the main quantitative outcomes and the policy issues and recommendations that derived from this two-year co-operation. Lessons from Europe outlined in this report can inspire similar research and policy discussions in other parts of the world.
  • 26-mai-2020

    Français

    Tendances et politiques du tourisme de l'OCDE 2020

    L’édition de 2020 analyse les performances touristiques et les tendances politiques à travers 51 pays de l’OCDE et d’économies partenaires. Le rapport souligne la nécessité d’approches cohérentes et globales quant à l’élaboration de politiques en matière de tourisme, ainsi que l’importance de l’économie touristique, avec des données couvrant le tourisme domestique, récepteur et émetteur, les entreprises et l’emploi, ainsi que la consommation du tourisme interne. Les priorités des pouvoirs publics, les réformes et les évolutions constatées dans le domaine du tourisme sont analysées à partir d’exemples de pratiques nationales. Les chapitres thématiques mettent en lumière les moyens de préparer les entreprises touristiques au monde numérique et redéfinissent le succès du tourisme dans une optique de croissance durable.
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  • 15-April-2020

    English

    Housing policies for sustainable and inclusive cities - How national governments can deliver affordable housing and compact urban development

    In a context marked by rapid urbanisation, growing housing demand and the worsening impacts of climate change, national governments play a vital role in delivering environmentally sustainable cities with adequate and affordable housing. This paper reviews national housing policy instruments from around the world, analysing their impacts on compact urban development and housing affordability. First, the paper proposes a framework to better understand the housing market in cities by outlining drivers of housing supply and demand as well as the constitution of the housing market and its segments: homeowners and renters, single- and multi-family homes, market and below-market price segments. Next, the paper analyses a range of policy options available to national governments, which are summarised and evaluated according to their impacts on compactness and affordability. Last, the paper provides short-, medium- and long-term policy recommendations to align national housing policies with the goal of delivering more sustainable and inclusive cities. The paper is one of the first attempts to consider the intersection of physical urban form and housing affordability from a national policy perspective.
  • 8-April-2020

    English

    Space sustainability - The economics of space debris in perspective

    This paper explores selected long-term sustainability issues related to increasing activities in outer space, with a particular focus on the economics of space debris. It reviews trends of selected space sustainability issues and discusses a range of possible policy actions. A notable policy response would be to strengthen space situational awareness systems and data reporting structures, while addressing operator compliance behaviour at both the national and international levels. Adequately addressing these challenges will require a reinforced coordinated international approach, in addition to increased collaboration with the private sector.
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