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  • 15-March-2021

    English

    The inequalities-environment nexus - Towards a people-centred green transition

    The COVID-19 crisis has amplified the urgency of addressing together the dual challenges of inequality and environmental degradation. This paper contributes to the debate on the inequalities-environment nexus by analysing the consequences of the environmental degradation and of environmental policies on four well-being dimensions: health, income and wealth, work and job quality, and safety. The analysis shows that the impacts of environmental degradation tends to be concentrated among vulnerable groups and households. At the same, the benefits and costs of environmental policies are also likely to be unevenly distributed across households. In this context, policy packages for an inclusive green transition should aim at: (i) mitigating the possible regressive impact of pricing environmental externalities, (ii) investing in human capital and upgrading skills to facilitate labour reallocation, (iii) addressing systemic inequalities with sectoral and place-based policies, (iv) ensuring efficient and responsive governance. The paper concludes by highlighting the need for an effective framework to measure progress towards a people-centred green recovery, and possible areas of future work.
  • 23-février-2021

    Français

    M. Angel Gurría, Secrétaire général de l’OCDE, à l’événement du Empire Club of Canada, 23 février 2021

    M. Angel Gurría, Secrétaire général de l’OCDE, a prononcé une allocution à l’Empire Club of Canada, “Comment le Canada peut-il reconstruire en mieux ? L’avis de l’OCDE", le 23 février 2021.

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  • 23-February-2021

    English

    Empire Club of Canada: “How can Canada build back better?”, 23 February 2021

    Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, addressed the Empire Club of Canada on “How can Canada build back better?”, on 23 February 2021.

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  • 11-February-2021

    English

    Environmental taxation

    A broader use of environmental taxation or emission trading systems would be one of the most efficient and effective ways of promoting green growth.

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  • 5-February-2021

    English

    The design and implementation of mission-oriented innovation policies - A new systemic policy approach to address societal challenges

    This paper analyses ‘mission-oriented innovation policies’ (MOIPs), a new type of systemic intervention that a growing number of countries has implemented in order to tackle mounting societal challenges. These policies aim to alleviate some of the most prevalent weaknesses within many national systems of innovation, notably the lack of holistic strategic orientation and policy co-ordination, and fragmented policy mixes. This paper leverages a dedicated analytical framework to systematically explore the challenges and opportunities that these policies present at initiative and country levels. In doing so, it provides a better understanding of the different ways in which governments design, fund and coordinate MOIPs, and contributes to broadening the range of options available to either improve or initiate this policy approach. This paper complements the MOIP Online Toolkit (https://stip.oecd.org/stip/moip), the OECD knowledge platform on MOIPs.
  • 2-February-2021

    English

    Trade as a channel for environmental technologies diffusion - The case of the wind turbine manufacturing industry

    Only a small number of companies, located in a few countries, have specific technological expertise in wind turbine manufacturing. New quantitative analysis shows this expertise to be a significant driver of trade in wind turbines. Moreover, countries’ wind power generation efficiency is shown to depend on access to higher quality wind turbines available in international markets. Trade in wind turbines thus provides access to technologies with a level of efficiency that cannot be replicated domestically in importing countries. These results have important policy implications: i) barriers to trade in wind turbines are also barriers to the dissemination of key environmental technologies which are not otherwise widely available; ii) trade-discriminatory measures can also negatively impact non-manufacturing job creation in the renewable sector, as this relies on the continuous deployment of wind energy, which in turn depends on access to high quality turbines from international markets; and iii) policies should not focus on the creation of national champions, but rather on ensuring that domestic firms can apply their specific capabilities to new opportunities in the global value chains of renewables industries.
  • 27-janvier-2021

    Français

    Les systèmes alimentaires sont confrontés à un triple défi de taille exigeant une approche plus globale de la part des gouvernements

    Les systèmes alimentaires sont confrontés à un triple défi : assurer la sécurité alimentaire et de la nutrition d’une population mondiale croissante, et la subsistance des agriculteurs et des autres acteurs des chaînes d’approvisionnement alimentaire, tout en améliorant la viabilité environnementale du secteur.

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  • 25-janvier-2021

    Français

    Un meilleur usage de la fiscalité énergétique pourrait à la fois améliorer la situation financière des pays en développement et faire baisser la pollution

    Les pays en développement pourraient lever des recettes publiques qui leur font cruellement défaut et réduire parallèlement les émissions et la pollution atmosphérique en utilisant mieux les taxes sur l’énergie et en réduisant les subventions aux combustibles fossiles, comme l’indique l’OCDE dans un nouveau rapport.

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  • 8-January-2021

    English

    Mobilising institutional investor capital for climate-aligned development

    Financing from institutional investors will be critical to achieving the sustainable development goals and curbing climate change. However, these large investors have been largely absent from multilateral initiatives to mobilise private capital. Partly as a result, such initiatives have been unable to reach the scale required for development finance to go 'from billions to trillions'. Successful mobilisation of private capital – including from institutional investors – has instead frequently taken place at the local level, by strategic investment funds and some green banks. At the same time, some institutional investors have been changing their modus operandi, from an intermediary to a collaborative model, and are re-localising their operations. The elimination of financial intermediaries with a short-term focus removes a bottleneck between two categories of long-term investors – institutional investors and multilateral finance institutions. That opens new opportunities for collaboration, as discussed in this paper.
  • 24-December-2020

    English

    Decarbonising Azerbaijan's Transport System - Charting the Way Forward

    This paper reviews opportunities and challenges for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from Azerbaijan’s transport sector. It provides an overview of Azerbaijan’s transport system and reviews the country’s existing policies and future plans for reducing CO2 emissions from transport. The paper also provides an overview of the data on transport activity and emissions available for Azerbaijan, and the tools used by government agencies for assessing them. Finally, it proposes options for further action in the context of ITF’s 'Decarbonising Transport in Emerging Economies' (DTEE) project.
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