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Government provision of a safety net for financial institutions has been a key element of the policy response to the current crisis. In the process, existing guarantees have been expanded and new ones introduced, including, in particular, in relation to bank liabilities. Among other things, such guarantees create costs that arise as a result of potential distortions of incentives and competition. To limit such distortions it is
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In the wake of a dramatic financial crisis and with the first waves of baby boomers approaching retirement we hardly need to think about how best arrive at the pension funds’ payout phase. This paper argues that there is a urgent need to raise retirement saving, to reduce defined contribution plan members’ exposure to investment risks and to provide the financial industry with cheap and safe payout instruments. These challenges are
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The OECD has been developing a response to the crisis that is holistic, looking atfinancial market issues, and the wide variety of factors that led to damaging incentive structures, as well as the requirements for broader macro and fiscal policies. The crisis has led to a variety of emergency financial measures such as loans, guarantees, and nationalisations. For financial markets, the focus is on exit strategies that are consistent
The IAIS-OECD issues paper on insurer corporate governance provides background on insurer corporate governance, describes practices and identifies possible regulatory and supervisory issues. Comments received were considered in the preparation of a final version of the issues paper.
Going for Growth 2009 takes stock of recent progress in implementing policy reforms to improve labour productivity and utilisation that were identified as priorities in the 2008 edition.
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The Report examines the experience of a number of financial institutions and concludes that the financial crisis can be to an important extent attributed to failures and weaknesses in corporate governance arrangements. The risk management systems have failed in many cases due to corporate governance procedures rather than technical problems. Remuneration systems have amplified such risk management weaknesses. The responsibility for
Experts from the IMF, the OECD, and the World Bank met on 4 February in Paris to exchange views and co ordinate responses to the global economic crisis.
Private Pensions Outlook 2008 focuses on the implications for pensions and private pensions policy of the financial crisis, in-depth, international analyses of private pension arrangements across OECD and selected non-OECD countries, the role of pension funds and public pension reserve funds which complement the financing of social security systems.
According to the new OECD Private Pensions Outlook workers are rightly worried about the fall in the value of the private pension savings and there is growing pressure on governments to act. The OECD estimates that the loss in private pension assets in the year to December 2008 has increased to US$ 5.4 trillion, up from US$ 5 trillion until October. The average pension fund had a negative rate of return of 23 percent over the year.
The crisis exposed weaknesses in the Hungarian financial system that pose risks to financial stability. A major lesson learnt from the crisis is that the approach to household lending should change: a stronger protection of borrowers should be combined with a tighter regulation of lenders.