Reports


  • 7-April-2015

    English, PDF, 929kb

    Unlocking SME finance through market-based debt

    Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are key contributors to economic growth and job creation. The current economic and financial crisis has reduced bank lending and has affected SMEs in particular. Capital markets will have to play a bigger role in financing SMEs in order to make them more resilient to financial shocks. This article reviews the spectrum of alternative market-based debt instruments for SME financing.

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  • 2-April-2015

    English, PDF, 302kb

    Tracing the origins of the financial crisis

    More than half a decade has passed since the most significant economic crisis of our lifetimes and a plethora of different interpretations has been offered about its origins. This paper consolidates the stylised facts put forward so far into a concise and coherent meta-narrative.

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  • 9-February-2015

    English

    Mapping Channels to Mobilise Institutional Investment in Sustainable Energy

    What are the channels for investment in sustainable energy infrastructure by institutional investors (e.g. pension funds, insurance companies and sovereign wealth funds) and what factors influence investment decisions? What key policy levers and risk mitigants can governments use to facilitate these types of investments? What emerging channels (such as green bonds, YieldCos and direct project investment) hold significant promise for scaling up institutional investment?

    This report develops a framework that classifies investments according to different types of financing instruments and investment funds, and highlights the risk mitigants and transaction enablers that intermediaries (such as public green investment banks and other public financial institutions) can use to mobilise institutionally held capital. This framework can also be used to identify where investments are or are not flowing, and focus attention on how governments can support the development of potentially promising investment channels and consider policy interventions that can make institutional investment in sustainable energy infrastructure more likely.

     

  • 21-January-2015

    English, PDF, 2,158kb

    Escaping the Stagnation Trap: Policy Options for the Euro Area and Japan

    The global economy continues to run at low speed and many countries, particularly in Europe, seem unable to overcome the legacies of the crisis. With high unemployment, high inequality and low trust still weighing heavily, it is imperative to swiftly implement reforms that boost demand and employment and raise potential growth.

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  • 8-December-2014

    English

    Mortality Assumptions and Longevity Risk - Implications for pension funds and annuity providers

    Pension funds and annuity providers need to effectively manage the longevity risk they are exposed to. Individuals receiving a lifetime income may live longer than expected or accounted for in the actuarial calculations to provision for these liabilities. Mismanaged longevity risk can deteriorate finances, cause bankruptcy and expose individuals to the risk of losing their retirement income. To safeguard against this risk, pension funds and annuity providers must provision for future improvements in mortality and life expectancy. The regulatory framework can support the effective management of longevity risk.

    This publication assesses how pension funds, annuity providers such as life insurance companies, and the regulatory framework account for future improvements in mortality and life expectancy. The study then examines the mortality tables commonly used by pension funds and annuity providers against several well-known mortality projection models with the purpose of assessing the potential shortfall in provisions. The final part of the publication identifies best practices and discusses the management of longevity risk, putting forward a set of policy options to encourage and facilitate the management of longevity risk.

     

  • 5-December-2014

    English

    Improving the design of retirement saving pension plans

    This roadmap identifies elements of good design and public policy to assist countries to strengthen retirement income adequacy in an environment where pension benefits result from assets accumulated during working life.

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  • 22-September-2014

    English, PDF, 714kb

    OECD/INFE Progress report to G20 on Financial Education

    As requested by G20 leaders, this progress report on financial education provides updates on work by the OECD and its International Network on Financial Education (INFE) since the G20 summit in St Petersburg in 2013. The report was circulated to G20 Ministers of Finance and Central Banks Governors at their meeting in Cairns on 20-21 September 2014.

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  • 21-September-2014

    English, PDF, 342kb

    Report on Effective Approaches to Support Implementation of the G20/OECD High-level Principles on Long-term Investment Financing by Institutional Investors

    This document contains the final version of the Effective Approaches as agreed by the G20/OECD Task Force on Institutional Investors and Long-term Financing. This report was submitted to the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors for consideration at their meeting in Cairns on 20-21 September 2014.

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  • 21-September-2014

    English

    G20-OECD Task Force on Financial Consumer Protection

    The Task Force supports the implementation of the G20 High-level Principles on Financial Consumer Protection, specifically to arm policy makers and financial authorities with a body of knowledge, including comparative analyses of approaches adopted by a cross-section of economies, to inform their efforts to implement the Principles in their economies.

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  • 3-September-2014

    English, PDF, 1,058kb

    Risk and Return Characteristics of Infrastructure Investment in Low Income Countries

    This report draws together information on specific factors affecting risk perceptions in Low Income Countries, including different parts of the project preparation and development cycle; identifies practical approaches and initiatives utilized successfully by organizations to mitigate risk, manage information asymmetry, directly address risk in investing in infrastructure in LICs, and change incentives in MDBs.

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