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English, , 546kb
This chapter discusses the size of current consolidation requirements and the pace at which budget positions should be strengthened in the context of a set of macroeconomic projections to 2025.
Despite major progress over the last decade, more reforms are needed to meet Indonesia’s medium-term objectives for growth and poverty reduction. The Survey reviews the main challenges in the areas of energy subsidies, infrastructure, labour markets, education, health care and social protection.
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This report shows continued strong borrowing by OECD governments amid concerns about sovereign risk. It includes revised estimates for 2010 and the projected outlook in 2011.
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Briefing on exchange rate developments
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Protecting retirement income derived from DC pension plans requires carefully designed default investment strategies. This article assesses the relative performance of different investment strategies for different structures of the payout phase, focusing on life-cycle strategies.
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The issue of financial innovation and consumer protection is mostly about access and suitability. Access refers to a situation in which affordable, mainstream financial products are available to all segments of the population across the range of income levels and demographic characteristics. Suitability addresses the appropriateness of the products for particular consumer groups. Innovative products will tend generally to be either
The economy is recovering from an externally driven recession. Public spending growth must be restrained as planned starting in 2011 to put public finances onto a sustainable path, including in the health sector where efficiency gains and quality improvements are possible.
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Current interest rates have been conducive to financial institutions assuming exposure to interest rate risks but, with interest rates expected to rise and yield curves likely to flatten, new challenges may be in store. This article draws attention to the increased risks and possible negative effects that the still-fragile banking sector could face in light of these developments.
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This article summarises discussions held at the 11th OECD-WBG-IMF Global Bond Market Forum where withdrawal of policy stimulus and sovereign risk were singled out as the two biggest concerns for investors. It addresses the continuing challenge of measuring sovereign risk, the need for more reliable indicators of sovereign risk to help make appropriate investment decisions and how difficult circumstances have forced sovereign issuers
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The various existing methods for calculating short-term borrowing requirements can result in distorted estimates. This article proposes a new method that yields economically meaningful results that can also be used to make cross-country comparisons.