Towards carbon neutrality and climate resilience



Ensuring infrastructure investment at the necessary scale in order to support the low-carbon transition, protect biodiversity, and promote resilience will require appropriate policy frameworks and regulations in these fields. This will include: credible policy commitments to long-term climate goals, international biodiversity targets and other environmental objectives; regulatory frameworks that support the deployment of low-carbon infrastructure systems; and, resilience standards and regulations that reflect evolving knowledge of hazards and their implementation.


Key solutions
  • Demonstrate clear policy commitment to long-term climate goals, international biodiversity targets, and other environmental objectives

  • Apply effective carbon pricing combined with targeted compensatory measures to address concerns over distributional aspects

  • Ensure that regulatory frameworks are supportive of the deployment of low-carbon infrastructure systems

  • Establish national strategies, infrastructure plans and pipelines that are aligned with long-term climate and development objectives

  • Apply adapted cost-benefit analysis to guide infrastructure investments

  • Ensure that trade-offs and synergies with broader well-being outcomes are appropriately reflected in decision-making frameworks for infrastructure investment

  • Integrate biodiversity considerations into infrastructure planning and decision-making processes

  • Pursue measures that promote the appropriate pricing and management of climaterelated risks across the financial system

  • Adopt economic instruments that help internalise the negative impacts of infrastructure on biodiversity

  • Provide targeted support for new technologies needed for the low-carbon transition

  • Make effective use of public procurement to incentivise innovative low-emission infrastructure solutions



Documents and links


 Paris Collaborative on Green Budgeting

OECD Green Budgeting Frameworl - Highlights

 Green Budgeting in OECD Countries (2021)

 Transport Strategies for Net-zero Systems by Design (2021)

 Climate-resilient Infrastructure (2018) 

State-owned enterprises and the low-carbon transition (2018) 

Financing Climate Futures: Rethinking Infrastructure (2018)

 Developing Robust Project Pipelines for Low-Carbon Infrastructure (2018)

The Empirics of Enabling Investment and Innovation in Renewable Energy (2017)

Power Struggle: decarbonising the electricity sector (2018)

OECD Progress Update on Approaches to Mobilising Institutional Investment in Sustainable Infrastructure (2018)

Mobilising Bond Markets for a Low-Carbon Transition (2017)

 Mapping Channels to Mobilise Institutional Investment in Sustainable Energy (2015)

OECD Policy Guidance for Investment in Clean Energy Infrastructure (2015)

Multi-Purpose Water Infrastructure – Recommendations to maximise economic benefits – Policy Perspectives


Implementation and capacity-building

Fostering water resilience in Brazil: Turning strategy into action (2022)

Clean Energy Finance and Investment Mobilisation in Colombia, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam

Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation and Green Investment in Kyrgyzstan (2019)

Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation and Green Investment in Moldova (2019) 

Strengthening Shardara Multi-Purpose Water Infrastructure in Kazakhstan (2018)

Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation and Green Investment in Kazakhstan (2017)

 SIPA - Sustainable Infrastructure Programme in Asia 

Water policy reforms in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia



Changing climate, changing coasts: Why resilience matters

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