Estonia signed the Convention founding the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development on 9 December 2010, thereby pledging its full dedication to achieving the Organisation’s fundamental aims.
On 10 May 2010, OECD countries issued an invitation to Estonia to become a member of the OECD.
The OECD Council at Ministerial level adopted a resolution on 16 May 2007 to open discussions with Estonia for its membership of the Organisation. On 30 November 2007, the OECD Council approved the 'roadmap to accession' for Estonia for Estonia, as well as four other prospective new members.
Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General, and Prime Minister Andrus Ansip sign the Accession Agreement in Tallinn, 3 June 2010 (Photo: State Chancellery of Republic of Estonia).
In October 1996, the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania jointly addressed the OECD Council to request the establishment of an OECD Baltic Regional Programme, and stated their intention to seek OECD membership later.
Estonia participated in the OECD’s Baltic Regional Programme which from 1998 to 2004 was the OECD’s main vehicle for policy co-operation with Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. As one of the most successful reformers in Central and Eastern Europe, Estonia not only learned from OECD members’ expertise, but also had important reform experience to share with OECD members and others, e.g. in the field of tax and deregulation. Until end-2006, Estonia also participated in SIGMA, in a programme assisting the new EU members’ decision makers and administrations in meeting the conditions for EU Membership.
Areas of work
Under the aegis of the Baltic Regional Programme, policy reviews of Estonia (or of the Baltic countries together), were undertaken in many areas, notably education, competition law , investment, labour market policy, bribery, insurance and pensions.
Estonia’s participation in OECD general activities
Estonia signed the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises in September 2001. In December 2004, Estonia acceded to the Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions. Estonia participates in the Bologna Process, in the International Transport Forum and the Directing Group of the Institutional Management Programme in Higher Education (IMHE).