Transport and environment


An efficient transport sector is important for economic development and for the wellbeing of people. However, transport activities can generate various negative environmental impacts. The OECD has carried out recent studies to identify instruments and other approaches for reconciling transport and environmental policies.


Health Impacts of Road Transport


Video: Air pollution

The Cost of Air Pollution

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Outdoor air pollution kills more than 3.5 million people across the world every year, and causes health problems from asthma to heart disease for many more.

This is costing societies very large amounts in terms of the value of lives lost and ill health.

Based on extensive new epidemiological evidence since the 2010 Global Burden of Disease study, and OECD estimates of the Value of Statistical Life, this report provides evidence on the health impacts from air pollution and the related economic costs. 

CO2-related taxation of motor vehicles Environmental impacts of ports Globalisation, transport and

Many OECD countries are applying CO2-related tax rate differentiation in their taxes. 

Motor vehicles

Transport boat

Shipping has an environmental impact both in ports, as well as in ports' vicinity.


Transport plane

Analysis of the impacts of globalisation on transport levels and consequences for the environment.


Urban transport

Car scrapping schemes

Road-use pricing

Transport tram

Increased use of bicycles can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and local air pollution.

Urban transport

Transport car scrapping

Accelerated vehicle replacement schemes are implemented in countries around the world. 

Car scrapping

Transport lorry

The OECD and the International transport Forum can assess the impacts of road pricing.

Road-use pricing





Further reading


Related Documents