This OECD policy brief focuses on the vital role of biodiversity for human life and the importance of integrating biodiversity considerations into the recovery from the COVID-19 crisis.
This brief focuses on the role of environmental policy in enhancing environmental health and reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to pandemics and other shocks in the future. The brief highlights policy actions in relation to air quality, water and sanitation, waste management and biodiversity protection that can contribute to well-being and increased resilience.
The focus of this brief is on the immediate steps that governments can take to ensure that emergency measures implemented to tackle the Coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis do not derail their efforts to address pressing environmental challenges and improve the environmental health and resilience of societies.
English, PDF, 377kb
While Mexico needs to increase investment in infrastructure, the government should be mindful of environmental impacts and international commitments.
English, PDF, 344kb
Indonesia is a resource-rich and biodiverse country. Economic prospects are favourable, but realising them will require placing Indonesia’s development trajectory on a more environmentally sustainable path.
English, PDF, 346kb
Lithuania's energy intensity is high in international comparison. Lowering it will make the country less dependent on energy imports, while at the same time contributing to a reduction in emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) and other pollutants.
English, PDF, 357kb
Despite a relatively good performance on several points compared to other countries, there is still scope for improving the effectiveness of Israel’s taxation policy from an environmental perspective.
English, PDF, 773kb
Climate change mitigation requires globally, at national levels and locally, and across a range of policy areas. Priorities include widening the scope of carbon markets and investing more in innovative technologies. Efforts to cut emissions need to be stepped up, both in energy-related areas and in sectors like industry, agriculture and waste.
English, PDF, 417kb
Brazil has made significant progress in water governance over the past two decades, but the reform is still incomplete to fully reap the economic, social and environmental benefits.
English, PDF, 737kb
Tackling climate change will require action in three key areas. First, we must strengthen carbon pricing and remove fossil fuel subsidies. Second, we must remove barriers to green investment. And third, we must align policies across the economy to leave fossil fuels behind and improve transparency on climate finance.