Distributional effects of urban transport policies to discourage car use
A literature review
This report takes stock of scientific findings to date regarding the distributional
effects of policies discouraging car use in urban areas. These policies include cordon
tolls, distance-based charges, fuel taxes, parking measures and public transport subsidies.
The report describes the mechanisms responsible for the distributional effects of
these policies and offers insights regarding how such policies can be designed to
minimise adverse equity outcomes. It also provides recommendations regarding the design
and procedural modifications that standard instruments require in order to be more
acceptable to the public and to governments. Finally, it identifies a number of issues
that warrant further research in the pursuit of greater equity in the outcomes of
urban road transport policies.
Available from March 03, 2023
In series:OECD Environment Working Papersview more titles