Biodiversity, water and natural resource management

Policy Briefs and Working Papers related to water and biodiversity



Water and Innovation for Green Growth 

Effective water management is a crucial ingredient for green growth. It is becoming increasingly clear that astute investment in, and management of, water can help to drive green growth. To do this, governments must catalyse water-related investment and innovation that underspin sustained green growth and give rise to new economic opportunities. Drawing on recent OECD work on policies to support green growth, and on water economics and governance, this Policy Perspectives brochure lays out the opportunities to manage and invest in water as a means for green growth.


The Role of National Ecosystem Assessments in Influencing Policy Making

An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. The main objective of the paper is to draw insights from experience in the UK, Japan, Spain and Portugal of the added value to policy making of undertaking national level ecosystem assessments.


A Framework for Financing Water Resources Management - In Brief

There is a clear and pressing need for governments around the world to strengthen the financial dimension of water resources management. This report provides governments with a framework to assess and strengthen the financial dimension of water resources management; and proposes a set of four principles to frame financing strategies for water management, with a specific focus on the potential role of economic instruments.


Alternative Ways of Supplying Water: Emerging Options and their Policy Implications

This report reviews the pros and cons of alternative sources of water (reused water and rainwater) and of decentralized systems to collect, produce and use them. It assesses lessons learned and the main policy issues which have to be addressed before such alternative ways of providing water can be widely applied; the focus is on urban areas in OECD countries. The report builds on the analyses developed in the context of the OECD project on Infrastructure to 2030, on a literature review and on a series of discussions with experts.


Policies towards a Sustainable Use of Water in Spain

Spain uses its natural water resources intensively, mostly in agriculture, thanks to a highly developed dam infrastructure. The limits for extraction of natural resources have largely been reached and climate change is expected to continue lowering natural water endowments markedly in future especially in dry areas of the country.


Promoting Biodiversity Co-Benefits in Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD)

This report examines how biodiversity co-benefits in REDD can be enhanced, both at the design and implementation level.


Feasible Financing Strategies for Water Supply and Sanitation

Adequate supplies of clean water are vital for human health and development. But an important obstacle to achieving water supply and sanitation goals in many countries has been the failure to adequately address financial issues: the costs of achieving goals; how those costs could be minimised; and the challenge of matching costs with available resources. The need for a fresh approach has become evident, for example, as central European countries come to terms with the need to mobilise substantial financial resources to comply with challenging EU environmental requirements, and as many developing countries struggle to achieve the internationally agreed Millennium Development Goals on water and sanitation.


Keeping Water Safe to Drink

Access to water that is safe to drink is vital to human health and to development. Recognising this, world leaders have set themselves the goal of halving by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. This is one of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) to reduce world poverty set out in the United Nations Millennium Declaration in the year 2000, and reaffirmed at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development.


Improving Water Management: Recent OECD experience

This policy brief brings together the recent work of the OECD on water management issues. It identifies the main policy challenges addressed by that work for sustainable water management. Among the issues discussed are: performance of water management policies in OECD countries; water pricing; financing of water and wastewater infrastructure; water-related development co-operation; the social aspects of water pricing; biochemical technologies for improving water quality; and aid to the water supply and sanitation sector.


The OECD Environmental Strategy: Progress in Managing Water Resources 

Water is a vital resource for society but needs to be managed carefully to ensure that people have access to affordable and safe drinking water and sanitation, without depleting water resources or damaging ecosystems. The OECD Environmental Strategy for the First Decade of the 21st Century, adopted by OECD ministers in 2001, highlights water management as one of the key issues in maintaining the integrity of ecosystems.



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