Environmental indicators, modelling and outlooks

Monitoring land cover change


Loss of biodiversity and pressures on ecosystem services are global challenges. Land cover change is the best measure available to monitor pressures on terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity. The OECD is developing new indicators on land cover changes and conversions.

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Measuring land cover change


Note: The Compare-Your-Country tool shows data for OECD and G20 countries. Data for all other countries can be accessed on OECD’s free online database.

Sources: ESA/UCL Geomatics (2017a), Climate Research Data Package Annual Land Cover Maps - v2.0.7

Pesaresi, M. et al. (2015), "GHS built-up grid, derived from Landsat, multitemporal (1975, 1990, 2000, 2014)", European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC);

Pekel, J.F. et al. (2016), "High-resolution mapping of global surface water and its long-term changes", Nature, Vol. 540, pp. 418-422




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