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Decarbonising Urban Mobility with Land Use and Transport Policies

The Case of Auckland, New Zealand

The report presents an in-depth analysis of various policies that aim to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of urban transport. Decarbonising transport lies at the core of efforts to mitigate climate change and has close links to urban sustainability and housing affordability. The report identifies the drivers of rising emissions in the urban transport sector and offers pathways to reduce them through a combination of transport and land use policies. The analysis yields a holistic welfare evaluation of these policies, assessing them according to their environmental effectiveness, their economic efficiency and their impact on fiscal balance and housing affordability. The report concludes that significant reductions in emissions from urban transport can be achieved through a careful alignment of transport policies designed to promote the use of public transit and electric vehicles, and land use policies, which foster a more compact urban form. The study is based on the case of Auckland, New Zealand but the lessons drawn are relevant for institutions and governments working on issues relating to urban sustainability, transport, housing and climate change mitigation.

Published on June 16, 2020

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
The challenges related to decarbonising transport in low-density urban areas
Analytical framework3 chapters available
Building scenarios for the long-run evolution of urban areas
Modelling transport and land use in Auckland
Data and model calibration in the Auckland case study
Pathways to decarbonising urban mobility2 chapters available
Environmental and economic implications of policy scenarios aimed at decarbonising urban transport
Beyond the case study: interpreting the findings and assessing their wider relevance
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