Employment policies and data

LinkEED 2.0



Mission statement

The objective of LinkEED 2.0 is to enhance our understanding of the role of policies in inclusive growth through innovative analytical work based on the use of linked employer-employee data in different OECD countries. These data are typically drawn from administrative sources related to the social security and tax system and in some cases from mandatory employer surveys. As a result, they tend to be very comprehensive, often covering the universe of workers and firms in a country, and of very high quality, specifically in relation to earnings, given the financial implications of reporting errors. The data are ideally suited to analyse questions related to wage-setting and job mobility. Since these data tend to be confidential, the project relies on a network of researchers at universities, research institutes and government institutions with access to the linked employer employee data in their country. The network is continuously expanding and currently covers close to thirty researchers and fifteen OECD countries. LinkEED 2.0 builds on an earlier OECD project that specifically focused on the role of firms in wage inequality (see OECD (2021)).

A list of network members and their affiliations can be found in this document

For further information on LinkEED 2.0, please contact: [email protected]


What's new?

In 2019, Spain increased the minimum wage by 22% in a single step, covering about 7-8% of dependent employees. Minimum-wage increases of this magnitude are rare and provide an ideal setting for analysing the labour market effects of the minimum wage. In a new working paper, Hijzen, Montenegro and Pessoa (2023) evaluate the labour market effects of the 2019 minimum wage reform. They show that it significantly boosted the wages of low-wage workers without causing substantial job losses: it increased the wages of directly affected workers by almost 6%, while it reduced employment by only 0.6%.

Call for PAPERS

IZA/OECD Workshop: Applications with LinkEED Employer-Employee data

April 9-10, 2024, OECD, Paris 

Submission Deadline February 15, 2024 Notification Deadline February 28, 2024 


The work for LinkEED 2.0 is structured in five workstreams. The work for each workstream is led by a core team consisting of OECD staff and external network members.


Job displacement in the green transition

The green transition will create new opportunities but also raises concerns about the risk of job displacement. This workstream analyses the consequences of job displacement for workers in high-pollution industries and how policies can best support displaced workers.

 For more OECD work on the green transition please visit:


Gender equality at work

Gender wage gap remain stubbornly high in most OECD countries. This workstream analyses the drivers of the gender wage gaps within and between firms as well as how policies can help to reduce them.

  • Palladino, M., Bertheau, A., Hijzen, A., Barreto, C., Gülümser, D., Muraközy, B. and Skans, O. N. (2024), "The role of bargaining and discrimination in the gender wage gap in France: A cross-country perspective", forthcoming.

For more OECD work on gender, please visit:


The integration of migrants

This workstream analyses how job mobility between firms can promote the integration of migrants. It looks at the extent to which migrants are segregated between workplaces, they sort in low-wage firms and they climb the job ladder as they gain experience in the country.


For more OECD work on migration, please visit:


Job mobility, reallocation and worker careers

In most OECD countries, aggregate wage and productivity growth have been persistently weak. This not only is undermining the ability to support rising standards of living but also intensifies questions about the way incomes are distributed. This workstream analyses the role of job mobility in reviving aggregate wage and productivity growth by enhancing a more efficient allocation of resources across firms. It also analyses the consequences of job mobility for the depth of inequalities over the life-course and how policies can promote opportunities for career progression.

For more OECD work on job mobility, please visit:


Evaluation of structural reforms

This workstream mobilises linked employer-employee data to conduct high-quality evaluations of structural reforms and labour market policies in OECD countries. 

Small follow us Twitter iconFollow us on Twitter @OECD_Social 



Related Documents