The OECD Social Expenditure Database (SOCX) has been developed in order to serve a growing need for indicators of social policy. It includes reliable and internationally comparable statistics on public and (mandatory and voluntary) private social expenditure at programme level. SOCX provides a unique tool for monitoring trends in aggregate social expenditure and analysing changes in its composition. It covers 36 OECD countries for the period 1980-2015/16 and estimates for 2016-2018.
SOCX Database - related documents and data
Social Expenditure Update - 8-page report (.pdf) (see also in Japanese) (October 2016)
Social spending stays at historically high levels in many OECD countries - Insights from the OECD Social Expenditure database (SOCX)
OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, No. 162, January 2015:
Concepts, Measurement and Results for Selected Countries
OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers No. 124, October 2011:
Is the European welfare state really more expensive?
Indicators on social spending, 1980-2012 and a manual to the OECD Social Expenditure database (SOCX)
OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers No. 92, November 2009:
How Expensive is the Welfare State? Gross and Net Indicators in the OECD Social Expenditure Database (SOCX)
Eurostat Esspros database on social protection
World Bank: Safety Net Spending
April 2019: Can Social Protection Be an Engine for Inclusive Growth? - Development Centre Studies
Related Documents : Social Expenditure (SOCX) Home page