Social policies and data

Social Expenditure Database (SOCX)


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Social Expenditure Database (SOCX)

The OECD Social Expenditure Database (SOCX) has been developed in order to serve a growing need for indicators of social policy. It includes reliable and internationally comparable statistics on public and (mandatory and voluntary) private social expenditure at programme level as well as net social spending indicators. SOCX provides a unique tool for monitoring trends in aggregate social expenditure and analysing changes in its composition. It covers 38 OECD countries for the period 1980-2019/21 and estimates for 2020-2022.

Latest analysis

January 2023: Social Expenditure Update
- The rise and fall of public social spending with the COVID-19 pandemic (6-page, pdf) (Figures & data in xlsx)
- Private social expenditure and the influence of tax systems (8-page, pdf) (Figures and data in xlsx)

See also background information:
- net social expenditure indicators:  net social spending data (Table.xlsx) and detailed information on the impact of the tax system on social expenditure by country (.xlsx)

-See blog: Sizing up Welfare States: How do OECD countries compare?

SOCX in Latin America

The database includes public and private social spending according the OECD SOCX methodology for Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Peru, Dominican Republic, Trinidad and Tobago and Uruguay.

CEPALSTAT: Public and private social spending (SOCX methodology), in national currency

CEPALSTAT: Public and private social expenditure (SOCX methodology), in percentages of GDP

See data for all countries/years from aggregated SOCX data (link below).


SOCX Database

SOCX 1980-2019-2022 contains 3 datasets 

Aggregated data (public and private social spending data in various units)

Detailed data by social programme
Reference series  (GDP, governement spending, PPPs, population, etc.)
  (more reference series i.e. population, employment, unemployment, etc. can be found via OECD Social Indicators)


OECD.Stat Instructions

Default views in OECD.Stat are as follows:

- years 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015, 2019 and 2020/22
(data for intervening years are also available by changing the time period selection)

- all countries are selected for aggregated and reference series datasets

Default selections can be modified by double-clicking on appropriate variable and selecting appropriate item(s).


- all variables can be moved by drag & drop in headers/columns/lines as in a pivot-table

- meta-data information are available by clicking on "i" next to specific variable/item

- any table can be exported into Excel / text file by clicking on appropriate top-right icon

- datasets in French available by clicking on "version française" at top-right of screen  


SOCX country notes and metadata


Envelope iconClick here if you wish to be informed when the SOCX database is updated.
For comments and questions please email [email protected]

SOCX Manual/Methodology

OECD SOCX Manual 2019 Edition: A guide to the OECD Social Expenditure Database ( English & Spanish Editions)


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