Health policies and data

Physicians: employment status, training and regulation


OECD Health System Characteristics Survey 2012


Physicians play a key role in the health sector. Whether they are self-employed, publically or privately employed differs between health systems reflecting diverse approaches to the organisation of health care delivery. A concern of policy makers is the unequal distribution of doctors across different regions in virtually all OECD countries which poses a challenge to ensure access to health services particularly in rural areas but, in some countries, also in poor urban and sub-urban regions. The 2012 HSC Survey identifies policy responses to tackle possible issues with problems of physician supply in OECD countries and takes stock of the employment status of doctors, their training and various issues concerning regulations of this medical profession. 


Experience with or recent introduction/expansion of non-physician provider roles


Sources: 2012-13 OECD Health System Characteristics Survey, as of February 2014; Delamaire, M. and G. Lafortune (2010), “Nurses in Advanced Roles: A Description and Evaluation of Experiences in 12 Developed Countries”, OECD Health Working Papers No. 54; Ministère des Affaires sociales et de la Santé (2012), Le pacte territoire-santé : pour lutter contre les déserts médicaux.


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