Employment policies and data

Online OECD Employment database

 

On our online employment database  you can find up-to-date statistics for making comparisons betwwen countries aand identifying trends over time.


Data on employment and labour issues

 

Short-term labour market indicators


Labour market outcomes


Job quality


Labour market policies and institutions


Working conditions


 Skills and work
Scoreboards

>> Read the basic statistical concepts: employment, unemployment and activity in Labour Force Surveys

>> OECD data: Find compare and share the latest OECD data on Jobscharts, maps, tables and related publications 

 

Definition:  Unemployed persons divided by the civilian labour force.
In so far as possible, the data have been adjusted to conform to the guidelines of the International Labour Office. All series are benchmarked to labour-force-survey-based estimates. See a fuller description of harmonised unemployment rate

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Definition:  Number of long-term unemployed (12 months or more) as a percentage of total unemployment

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Definition:
. Unemployment rate : unemployed persons divided by the labour force.
. Employment to population ratio: persons in employment divided by the population
. Labour force participation rate: persons in the labour force divided by the population
Data are expressed in percentages. Estimates are derived from national Labour Force Surveys.

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Definition: Data are expressed in thousands of persons. Estimates are derived from national Labour Force Surveys.

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Definition: Total unemployment is broken down by unemployment durations. For each unemployment duration, data are expressed in % of total unemployment (and are further broken down by sex and age groups) or in thousands of persons.
Estimates are derived from national Labour Force Surveys. Differences across countries in questionnaire wording and design, survey timing, the age groups covered and other reasons mean that care is required in interpreting cross-country differences in levels. For further details, see the sources, coverage and definitions of Labour Force Statistics in OECD countries.

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Definition: Discouraged workers are persons who desire to work, but who are not in the labour force, believing that there is no work available due to various reasons. Data are expressed in % of labour force and % of total population (aged 15-64), or in thousands of persons. They are broken down by sex and age groups.
Estimates are derived from national Labour Force Surveys.

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Definition: Unit labour costs (ULCs) measure the average cost of labour per unit of output. They are calculated as the ratio of total labour costs to real output. Annual ULCs can be expressed as the ratio of total labour compensation per hour worked to output per hour worked (labour productivity).

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Definition: The job vacancies data provides estimates of the number of unfilled job vacancies across national economies.

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Definition: Total employment is broken down by job tenure intervals. For each interval, data are expressed in thousands of persons. Average job durations, expressed in years, are also available.
Estimates are derived from national Labour Force Surveys.

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Definition: Total employment is broken down by type of work contract (in the main job), temporary vs. permanent contract.

Estimates are derived from national Labour Force Surveys. Differences across countries in questionnaire wording and design, survey timing, the age groups covered and other reasons mean that care is required in interpreting cross-country differences in levels. For further details, see the sources, coverage and definitions of Labour Force Statistics in OECD countries.

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Definition: Employment is broken down by hour bands of usual weekly hours worked in the main job (1-19 hours, 20-29 hours, 30-34 hours, 35-39 hours, 40 hours or more).
Estimates are derived from national Labour Force Surveys. For further details, see the sources, coverage and definitions of Labour Force Statistics in OECD countries.

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Definition: Average annual hours actually worked per person in employment. The concept used is the total number of hours worked over the year divided by the average number of people in employment. Part-time workers are covered as well as full-time workers. National estimates are based on the best available sources. For further details see the methodology used for data on annual hours actually worked. The data are intended for comparisons of trends over time; they are unsuitable for comparisons of level of average annual hours of work for a given year, because of differences in their sources.

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Definition: Data on full-time and part-time employment based on a common definition of full-time work, 30-usual weekly hours of work in the main job.
Estimates are derived from national Labour Force Surveys.  For further details, see the sources, coverage and definitions of Labour Force Statistics in OECD countries.

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Definition: Involuntary part-time workers are part-timers (working less than 30-usual hours per week) because they could not find a full-time job (note: definitions are not harmonised, which hampers cross-country comparisons).
Estimates are derived from national Labour Force Surveys.  For further details, see the sources, coverage and definitions of Labour Force Statistics in OECD countries.

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Definition: Economic short-time workers comprise workers who are working less than usual due to business slack, plant stoppage, or technical reasons (note: definitions are not harmonised, which hampers cross-county comparisons).
Estimates are derived from national Labour Force Surveys.  For further details, see the sources, coverage and definitions of Labour Force Statistics in OECD countries.

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Definition: Average annual wages per full-time equivalent dependent employee are obtained by dividing the National Accounts based total wage bill by the average number of employees in the total economy, which is then multiplied by the ratio of average usual weekly hours per full-time employee to average usually weekly hours for all employees. Read more details on the estimation of average annual wages.

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Definitions:

..Earnings dispersion: this dataset contains three earnings-dispersion measures - ratio of 9th-to-1st, 9th-to-5th and 5th-to-1st - where ninth, fifth (or  median) and first deciles are upper-earnings decile limits, unless otherwise indicated, of gross earnings of full-time dependent employees.

..The incidence of low pay refers to the share of workers earning less than two-thirds of median earnings. The incidence of high pay refers to the share of workers earning more than one-and-a-half time median earnings

..Gaps: The gender wage gap is calculated as the difference between median earnings of men and women relative to median earnings of men. The age wage gap is calculated as the difference between mean earnings of 25-54 year-olds and that of 15-24 year-olds (respectively 55-64 year-olds) relative to mean earnings of 25-54 year-olds.  Earnings by skill (or education levels) refer to mean annual earnings of full-time full-year 25-64 year-old employees. Earnings gaps by skill levels are calculated as the difference between mean earnings of medium-skilled employees and low- (respectively high-) skilled employees relative to mean earnings of medium-skilled employees. 


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Definition: Labour market programmes include public employment services, training, hiring subsidies and direct job creations in the public sector, as well as unemployment benefits.

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Public expenditure and participant stocks on LMP

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Definition: The OECD indicators of employment protection measure the procedures and costs involved in dismissing individuals or groups of workers and the procedures involved in hiring workers on fixed-term or temporary work agency contracts.
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Definition: Union members and employees are expressed in units. Trade union density is defined as the percentage of employees who are members of a trade-union.
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Definition: Employment is presented in total and by broad industry.
Estimates are derived from national Labour Force Surveys.

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