Global changes affecting the world of work are driving policymakers worldwide to review how policies in different areas – labour market, skills, social protection – can best respond. Many countries have seen growth in particular contract types that diverge from the “standard employment contract”, i.e. a full-time dependent employment contract of indefinite duration. While the use of temporary or casual contracts and the emergence of platform work may bring advantages, including flexibility for both employers and workers, concerns are being voiced around job quality and the potential negative impact of excessive and/or improper use of such contracts on equality, productivity and growth, fair competition among firms, and the sustainability of social protection systems.
The main question for policymakers is how to balance the opportunity offered by a diversity of employment contracts, on the one hand, with protections for workers and businesses, on the other.
The OECD and the European Commission are currently undertaking a project which will map recent policy responses to new forms of work. The project draws on the results of a survey carried out between June and September in 2018 in OECD, EU and G20 countries. The covered a range of policy areas including labour market regulation, social protection, collective bargaining and skills. The report will be published in the first quarter of 2019.
On 7 November 2018, the OECD brought together policy makers, employers, unions and experts to discuss some of the key policy challenges and solutions in the areas of labour market regulation, social protection, skills and social dialogue, with a view to maximising the benefits, and minimising the risks, associated with the emergence of new forms of work.