Early childhood and schools

Early Childhood Education and Care – Indicators


General information | Context and parents' situation | Governance
Integration of education and care | Costs and financing
Access and provision | Data collection and research 
Workforce supply, qualifications and development
Curriculum and pedagogy | Parent and community involvement
Recent developments (in policy and research) since 2005
Child outcomes





1. General information

1.1. Demography

  • Size of population (xls)
  • Fertility rate (pdf)
  • Size of population of children under 6 years (xls)

1.2. Socio-economic information

  • GDP per capita in US$ in 2007 (xls)
  • Child poverty rate (xls)

1.3. The ECEC system

  • Major service type and duration
  • Compulsory school starting age
  • Legal entitlement to a free ECEC service
  • Share of ECEC provision in primary schools

2. Context

2.1 Labour force participation

2.2 Parental leave

  • Availability of paid leave
  • Maternity and paternity leave (pdf(xls)

3. Governance

  • Structure holding main responsibility ECEC (xls)

4. Integration of education and care

  • Integration of governance and finance structures
  • Integration of staff qualifications
  • Approaches/strategies to implement integration
  • Actors involved in implementing integration
  • Evaluations, evidence on integration

5. Costs and financing

  • Social expenditure by age
  • Public expenditure on ECEC (pdf) (xls)
  • Funding of services for children aged 0-6
  • Private expenditure per child (expenses by parents, employer contributions) (pdf)
  • Estimated costs of an ECEC programme (full-day; half-day) per child
  • Availability of subsidies to providers/to parents by child
  • Ways of public spending (targeted/general, to individuals/providers, through which level of government)
  • Educational expenditure: Pre-primary education Educational expenditure: Pre-primary education 
  • Funding of pre-primary schools Funding of pre-primary schools

6. Access and provision

  • Regulations and provision of opening hours
  • Share of ECEC provision through primary schools
  • Child-staff ratio
  • Licensing requirements and regulatory frameworks for providers
  • Minimum standards for provider facilities, minimum space per child
  • Targeted provision (e.g. children from low income families, disadvantaged areas of living, etc.)
  • Enrolment of children by age and hours per week (pdf) (xls)

7. Data collection and research

  • Monitoring mechanisms 
  • Evaluation of ECEC data
  • ECEC research centre

8. Workforce supply, qualifications and development

9. Curriculum and pedagogy

  • Curriculum and pedagogy from age 3-6
  • Curriculum, if any, and pedagogy under 3

10. Parent and community involvement


11. Recent developments (in policy and research) since 2005

  • New policy or change of policy, implementation of policies, evaluation of policies such as case studies and recent research findings

12. Child outcomes

  • Learning and cognitive outcomes
  • Child well-being



Related Documents