The first five years of a child’s life is a period of great opportunity, and risk.
The cognitive and social-emotional skills that children develop in these early years
have long-lasting impacts on their later outcomes throughout schooling and adulthood.
This report sets out the findings from the International Early Learning and Child
Well-being Study in Estonia. The study assesses children’s skills across both cognitive
and social-emotional development, and how these relate to children’s early learning
experiences at home and in early childhood education and care. It is enriched by contextual
and assessment information from the children’s parents and educators. It provides
comparative data on children’s early skills with children from England and the United
States, who also participated in the study, to better identify factors that promote
or hinder children’s early learning.